Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 62,628 100.0 69,744 100.0 25,151 100.0 491
Single modes 48,841 78.0 67,806 97.2 24,374 96.9 269
Truck2 40,807 65.2 46,858 67.2 6,162 24.5 155
Rail 1,782 2.8 19,586 28.1 18,068 71.8 1,035
All other Single modes 6,251 10.0 S S 144 0.6 1,794
Multiple modes 11,601 18.5 454 0.7 580 2.3 857
Parcel, USPS or courier 11,424 18.2 195 0.3 150 0.6 858
All other Multiple modes 177 0.3 259 0.4 430 1.7 S
Other and unknown modes 2,187 3.5 1,484 2.1 197 0.8 S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 2,279 100.0 1,436 100.0 840 100.0 285
Single modes 2,206 96.8 1,311 91.3 739 88.0 275
Truck2 2,206 96.8 1,311 91.3 739 88.0 275
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,051
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 953
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,477
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 5,677 100.0 5,803 100.0 S S 76
Single modes 5,597 98.6 5,679 97.8 S S 73
Truck2 5,120 90.2 4,977 85.8 1,615 56.1 65
Rail S S S S S S 1,299
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,300
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,268
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,367
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 958

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S 9,392 100.0 478 100.0 S
Single modes S S 8,863 94.4 S S S
Truck2 S S 8,725 92.9 274 57.3 36
Rail S S S S S S 1,276
All other Single modes
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 41

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 3,346 100.0 25,152 100.0 17,078 100.0 S
Single modes 3,325 99.4 25,142 100.0 17,066 99.9 S
Truck2 2,063 61.7 5,319 21.1 245 1.4 S
Rail 1,009 30.2 18,483 73.5 16,717 97.9 814
All other Single modes S S S S S S 78
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,281
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 35

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 8,453 100.0 S S 700 100.0 430
Single modes 6,173 73.0 S S 674 96.4 468
Truck2 5,714 67.6 S S 656 93.7 125
Rail
All other Single modes 460 5.4 S S S S 2,003
Multiple modes 2,110 25.0 S S 18 2.5 426
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,110 25.0 S S 18 2.5 426
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 170 2.0 S S S S 42

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 5,629 100.0 2,288 100.0 286 100.0 616
Single modes 3,582 63.6 2,086 91.2 238 83.3 94
Truck2 3,580 63.6 2,086 91.2 238 83.2 84
Rail
All other Single modes 2 S S S S 1,605
Multiple modes 1,469 26.1 48 2.1 40 14.0 991
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,467 26.1 46 2.0 40 14.0 1,010
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1
Other and unknown modes S S S S 8 2.6 S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 7,753 100.0 S S 1,224 100.0 393
Single modes 5,731 73.9 S S 1,128 92.2 184
Truck2 5,618 72.5 S S 1,124 91.8 S
Rail
All other Single modes 114 1.5 3 4 0.3 1,366
Multiple modes 1,412 18.2 35 0.2 28 2.3 767
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,412 18.2 35 0.2 28 2.3 767
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 610 7.9 S S S S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 15,937 100.0 1,383 100.0 420 100.0 731
Single modes 10,450 65.6 1,329 96.1 372 88.6 679
Truck2 5,970 37.5 1,321 95.5 358 85.2 429
Rail
All other Single modes S S 8 0.6 14 3.4 1,731
Multiple modes 4,996 31.3 36 2.6 31 7.5 788
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,995 31.3 36 2.6 30 7.2 771
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,616
Other and unknown modes 492 3.1 18 1.3 16 3.9 603

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 13,259 100.0 4,227 100.0 1,108 100.0 567
Single modes 11,506 86.8 4,025 95.2 937 84.5 213
Truck2 10,291 77.6 3,923 92.8 895 80.8 182
Rail S S S S S S 489
All other Single modes S S 1 2 0.2 1,730
Multiple modes 1,494 11.3 S S S S 999
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,422 10.7 38 0.9 33 3.0 999
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,146
Other and unknown modes S S S S 12 1.1 S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 110 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 95 86.0 S S S S S
Truck2 73 66.6 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 742
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,559
Multiple modes 11 9.6 S S S S 460
Parcel, USPS or courier 10 9.4 S S S S 562
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 120

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.