Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 219,616 100.0 155,808 100.0 23,758 100.0
Less than 50 miles 106,658 48.6 105,466 67.7 2,436 10.3
50 to 99 miles 20,467 9.3 12,093 7.8 1,060 4.5
100 to 249 miles 24,645 11.2 18,355 11.8 4,097 17.2
250 to 499 miles 30,161 13.7 10,311 6.6 4,917 20.7
500 to 749 miles 18,829 8.6 5,326 3.4 3,981 16.8
750 to 999 miles 4,097 1.9 851 0.5 921 3.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 8,942 4.1 2,073 1.3 3,152 13.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 4,181 1.9 1,109 0.7 2,628 11.1
2,000 miles or more 1,637 0.7 224 0.1 565 2.4

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 188,346 100.0 147,500 100.0 20,760 100.0
Less than 50 miles 99,107 52.6 100,825 68.4 2,367 11.4
50 to 99 miles 19,116 10.1 11,703 7.9 1,027 4.9
100 to 249 miles 20,874 11.1 17,036 11.5 3,531 17.0
250 to 499 miles 24,656 13.1 9,737 6.6 4,614 22.2
500 to 749 miles 14,862 7.9 4,845 3.3 3,627 17.5
750 to 999 miles 2,951 1.6 754 0.5 806 3.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,984 2.1 1,623 1.1 2,483 12.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,207 1.2 831 0.6 1,945 9.4
2,000 miles or more 589 0.3 147 0.1 359 1.7

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 173,167 100.0 124,894 100.0 15,309 100.0
Less than 50 miles 95,980 55.4 88,877 71.2 2,266 14.8
50 to 99 miles 18,832 10.9 10,678 8.5 955 6.2
100 to 249 miles 19,810 11.4 13,849 11.1 2,799 18.3
250 to 499 miles 21,525 12.4 5,908 4.7 2,595 16.9
500 to 749 miles 9,035 5.2 2,707 2.2 1,951 12.7
750 to 999 miles 2,542 1.5 644 0.5 678 4.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,310 1.9 1,443 1.2 2,226 14.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,643 0.9 681 0.5 1,588 10.4
2,000 miles or more 491 0.3 106 252 1.6

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 11,822 100.0 8,378 100.0 4,703 100.0
Less than 50 miles 602 5.1 298 3.6 8 0.2
50 to 99 miles S S S S 25 0.5
100 to 249 miles 786 6.6 1,896 22.6 432 9.2
250 to 499 miles 2,989 25.3 3,317 39.6 1,755 37.3
500 to 749 miles 5,800 49.1 2,136 25.5 1,674 35.6
750 to 999 miles 382 3.2 110 1.3 128 2.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 589 5.0 151 1.8 220 4.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 491 4.1 149 1.8 355 7.5
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,356 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S 93 12.4
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 279 8.3 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 143 4.2 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 27 0.8 2 2 0.3
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 73 2.2 1 3 0.3
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 25,365 100.0 2,513 100.0 2,626 100.0
Less than 50 miles 3,066 12.1 102 4.1 4 0.1
50 to 99 miles 1,019 4.0 30 1.2 3 0.1
100 to 249 miles 3,310 13.0 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 5,259 20.7 421 16.7 240 9.1
500 to 749 miles 3,853 15.2 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 1,071 4.2 89 3.5 106 4.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 4,810 19.0 438 17.4 648 24.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 275 11.0 676 25.8
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 12,418 100.0 283 100.0 125 100.0
Less than 50 miles 3,025 24.4 81 28.6 3 2.2
50 to 99 miles 1,007 8.1 24 8.3 2 1.7
100 to 249 miles 3,236 26.1 74 26.1 16 12.5
250 to 499 miles 1,748 14.1 44 15.5 20 16.2
500 to 749 miles 956 7.7 19 6.7 14 11.2
750 to 999 miles 274 2.2 7 2.6 8 6.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,401 11.3 19 6.8 27 21.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 561 4.5 9 3.1 20 15.6
2,000 miles or more 208 1.7 S S S S

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 12,948 100.0 2,230 100.0 2,500 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 3,511 27.1 377 16.9 220 8.8
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 797 6.2 81 3.6 98 3.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 419 18.8 620 24.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 267 12.0 657 26.3
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 5,905 100.0 5,795 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 4,485 76.0 4,539 78.3 S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 246 4.2 S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S 36 0.6 25 6.8
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 6 0.1 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.