Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 219,616 100.0 155,808 100.0 23,758 100.0 265
Less than 50 lbs 12,293 5.6 250 0.2 67 0.3 333
50 to 99 lbs 4,758 2.2 216 0.1 40 0.2 188
100 to 499 lbs 12,405 5.6 1,492 1.0 216 0.9 159
500 to 749 lbs 4,312 2.0 668 0.4 119 0.5 172
750 to 999 lbs 3,930 1.8 734 0.5 99 0.4 134
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 64,081 29.2 12,195 7.8 2,760 11.6 207
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 85,850 39.1 40,395 25.9 10,100 42.5 227
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 24,241 11.0 51,509 33.1 4,366 18.4 88
100,000 lbs or more 7,747 3.5 48,350 31.0 5,991 25.2 111

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 188,346 100.0 147,500 100.0 20,760 100.0 152
Less than 50 lbs 3,233 1.7 107 13 166
50 to 99 lbs 2,195 1.2 157 0.1 17 107
100 to 499 lbs 10,947 5.8 1,380 0.9 169 0.8 126
500 to 749 lbs 3,950 2.1 634 0.4 116 0.6 177
750 to 999 lbs 3,587 1.9 711 0.5 95 0.5 132
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 58,503 31.1 11,726 7.9 2,353 11.3 187
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 75,924 40.3 38,115 25.8 8,436 40.6 207
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 23,100 12.3 47,808 32.4 4,208 20.3 91
100,000 lbs or more 6,907 3.7 46,862 31.8 5,354 25.8 107

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 173,167 100.0 124,894 100.0 15,309 100.0 143
Less than 50 lbs 3,124 1.8 106 12 150
50 to 99 lbs 2,165 1.3 156 0.1 16 0.1 S
100 to 499 lbs 10,862 6.3 1,377 1.1 166 1.1 123
500 to 749 lbs 3,942 2.3 633 0.5 115 0.8 176
750 to 999 lbs 3,582 2.1 711 0.6 94 0.6 131
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 55,794 32.2 11,497 9.2 2,116 13.8 176
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 74,543 43.0 37,372 29.9 8,072 52.7 202
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 17,215 9.9 44,290 35.5 2,923 19.1 68
100,000 lbs or more 1,940 1.1 28,750 23.0 1,795 11.7 38

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 11,822 100.0 8,378 100.0 4,703 100.0 799
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,785
100 to 499 lbs S S 636
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 316
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 226 2.7 235 5.0 1,040
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,247 10.6 510 6.1 352 7.5 675
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 5,050 42.7 1,537 18.4 1,205 25.6 788
100,000 lbs or more 2,863 24.2 6,104 72.9 2,910 61.9 513

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 3,356 100.0 S S S S 1,039
Less than 50 lbs 108 3.2 1 1 0.1 1,467
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,139
100 to 499 lbs 84 2.5 S S S S 1,280
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 558
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 979
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 2 3 0.4 1,180
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 133 4.0 233 1.6 S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 836 24.9 1,980 13.9 S S 41
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 25,365 100.0 2,513 100.0 2,626 100.0 469
Less than 50 lbs 8,377 33.0 119 4.8 53 2.0 460
50 to 99 lbs 2,317 9.1 49 2.0 23 0.9 471
100 to 499 lbs 1,110 4.4 72 2.9 43 1.6 611
500 to 749 lbs S S S S 3 0.1 S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,218
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 1,009 40.2 1,499 57.1 1,503
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 435
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 689

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 12,418 100.0 283 100.0 125 100.0 462
Less than 50 lbs 8,377 67.5 119 42.2 53 42.2 459
50 to 99 lbs 2,317 18.7 49 17.5 23 18.4 470
100 to 499 lbs 1,110 8.9 72 25.5 43 33.9 611
500 to 749 lbs S S S S 3 2.2 S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 371
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 12,948 100.0 2,230 100.0 2,500 100.0 1,429
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 4,942
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,819
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 2,228
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,220
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 1,009 45.2 1,499 59.9 1,503
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 435
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 689

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 5,905 100.0 5,795 100.0 S S S
Less than 50 lbs 683 11.6 23 0.4 S S S
50 to 99 lbs 246 4.2 10 0.2 S S S
100 to 499 lbs 349 5.9 40 0.7 S S 120
500 to 749 lbs 111 1.9 13 0.2 S S 31
750 to 999 lbs 16 0.3 2 48
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,114 18.9 180 3.1 46 12.4 256
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S 165 44.4 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more 3 S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.