Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 219,616 100.0 155,808 100.0 23,758 100.0 265
Single modes 188,346 85.8 147,500 94.7 20,760 87.4 152
Truck2 173,167 78.8 124,894 80.2 15,309 64.4 143
Rail 11,822 5.4 8,378 5.4 4,703 19.8 799
All other Single modes 3,356 1.5 S S S S 1,039
Multiple modes 25,365 11.5 2,513 1.6 2,626 11.1 469
Parcel, USPS or courier 12,418 5.7 283 0.2 125 0.5 462
All other Multiple modes 12,948 5.9 2,230 1.4 2,500 10.5 1,429
Other and unknown modes 5,905 2.7 5,795 3.7 S S S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 3,398 100.0 S S S S 61
Single modes 3,396 100.0 S S S S 42
Truck2 3,396 100.0 S S S S 42
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,394
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,394
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 6,262 100.0 6,436 100.0 S S 54
Single modes 6,065 96.8 6,377 99.1 S S S
Truck2 6,042 96.5 6,347 98.6 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,326
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 354
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 115
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,286
Other and unknown modes 163 2.6 29 0.5 S S 20

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S 36,389 100.0 2,298 100.0 S
Single modes S S 33,945 93.3 1,960 85.3 S
Truck2 S S 33,337 91.6 1,780 77.4 S
Rail S S S S 180 7.8 296
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,289
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,289
Other and unknown modes 9 0.8 S S S S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 10,590 100.0 37,956 100.0 S S 48
Single modes 10,510 99.2 37,392 98.5 S S 48
Truck2 6,916 65.3 20,754 54.7 S S 42
Rail S S S S S S 612
All other Single modes 3,033 28.6 S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 63
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 62
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 710
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 13

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 13,912 100.0 5,528 100.0 1,484 100.0 563
Single modes 11,911 85.6 5,385 97.4 1,302 87.7 376
Truck2 S S 5,144 93.1 1,069 72.1 360
Rail 309 2.2 S S S S 1,077
All other Single modes S S 2 2 0.1 2,009
Multiple modes S S S S S S 825
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 21 0.4 20 1.3 813
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,737
Other and unknown modes 432 3.1 S S S S 230

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 6,392 100.0 1,770 100.0 609 100.0 494
Single modes 4,784 74.8 1,657 93.6 562 92.4 205
Truck2 4,751 74.3 1,639 92.6 544 89.4 194
Rail S S S S S S 1,465
All other Single modes 25 0.4 S S 1 0.2 1,485
Multiple modes 1,565 24.5 96 5.4 S S 595
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,565 24.5 96 5.4 S S 595
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 42 0.7 17 1.0 4 0.7 S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 41,632 100.0 27,612 100.0 3,963 100.0 227
Single modes 35,000 84.1 24,562 89.0 3,543 89.4 167
Truck2 33,293 80.0 24,219 87.7 3,285 82.9 156
Rail 1,618 3.9 340 1.2 255 6.4 783
All other Single modes 89 0.2 3 3 1,380
Multiple modes 4,337 10.4 225 0.8 132 3.3 376
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,529 8.5 62 0.2 24 0.6 376
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 758
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 114,411 100.0 16,819 100.0 7,533 100.0 259
Single modes 97,010 84.8 15,605 92.8 6,214 82.5 S
Truck2 87,866 76.8 13,262 78.9 4,400 58.4 S
Rail 9,009 7.9 2,337 13.9 1,805 24.0 898
All other Single modes 136 0.1 S S S S 1,326
Multiple modes 16,555 14.5 1,077 6.4 1,274 16.9 356
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,018 4.4 S S 30 0.4 341
All other Multiple modes 11,537 10.1 993 5.9 1,245 16.5 1,206
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 21,392 100.0 15,161 100.0 2,110 100.0 143
Single modes 18,370 85.9 14,457 95.4 1,875 88.8 77
Truck2 18,125 84.7 12,091 79.8 1,177 55.8 73
Rail S S S S S S 304
All other Single modes S S S S S S 979
Multiple modes 908 4.2 110 0.7 218 10.3 358
Parcel, USPS or courier 827 3.9 20 0.1 10 0.5 355
All other Multiple modes 81 0.4 91 0.6 209 9.9 2,310
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 348

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 580 100.0 S S S S 336
Single modes 284 48.9 S S S S S
Truck2 S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 644
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,606
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 536
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,853
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 54

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.