Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 68,649 100.0 42,116 100.0 9,379 100.0
Less than 50 miles 15,268 22.2 22,552 53.5 480 5.1
50 to 99 miles 5,494 8.0 4,613 11.0 487 5.2
100 to 249 miles 14,312 20.8 6,921 16.4 1,454 15.5
250 to 499 miles 7,681 11.2 2,207 5.2 1,052 11.2
500 to 749 miles 14,777 21.5 4,026 9.6 2,902 30.9
750 to 999 miles 2,117 3.1 503 1.2 529 5.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 5,122 7.5 456 1.1 647 6.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,853 5.6 835 2.0 1,807 19.3
2,000 miles or more 26 S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 55,865 100.0 41,003 100.0 8,753 100.0
Less than 50 miles 14,510 26.0 22,230 54.2 472 5.4
50 to 99 miles 5,000 8.9 4,570 11.1 483 5.5
100 to 249 miles 12,416 22.2 6,713 16.4 1,404 16.0
250 to 499 miles 5,412 9.7 2,007 4.9 944 10.8
500 to 749 miles 10,737 19.2 3,876 9.5 2,785 31.8
750 to 999 miles 1,796 3.2 462 1.1 479 5.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,746 4.9 380 0.9 545 6.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,241 5.8 764 1.9 1,640 18.7
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 54,147 100.0 39,737 100.0 8,068 100.0
Less than 50 miles 14,509 26.8 22,229 55.9 472 5.9
50 to 99 miles 4,999 9.2 4,570 11.5 483 6.0
100 to 249 miles 12,208 22.5 5,933 14.9 1,149 14.2
250 to 499 miles 5,197 9.6 1,886 4.7 875 10.8
500 to 749 miles 9,965 18.4 3,628 9.1 2,591 32.1
750 to 999 miles 1,691 3.1 385 1.0 401 5.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,506 4.6 376 0.9 540 6.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,071 5.7 729 1.8 1,557 19.3
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 633 100.0 1,240 100.0 657 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles 179 28.3 779 62.8 255 38.8
250 to 499 miles 140 22.1 121 9.7 68 10.4
500 to 749 miles 203 32.1 231 18.6 178 27.1
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 41 6.5 S S S S
2,000 miles or more

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,085 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S 1 4.7 1 2.3
250 to 499 miles 75 6.9 1 4.8 1 3.7
500 to 749 miles 569 52.4 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 41 3.8 1.1 1.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 7,840 100.0 595 100.0 447 100.0
Less than 50 miles 512 6.5 36 6.0 S S
50 to 99 miles S S 15 2.4 2 0.4
100 to 249 miles 1,811 23.1 172 28.9 43 9.5
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 1,580 20.1 49 8.3 37 8.3
750 to 999 miles 318 4.1 40 6.7 50 11.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 282 3.6 14 2.3 20 4.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 611 7.8 71 11.9 167 37.4
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 7,623 100.0 324 100.0 207 100.0
Less than 50 miles 501 6.6 S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S 14 4.2 1 0.7
100 to 249 miles 1,732 22.7 84 25.8 18 8.5
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 1,575 20.7 40 12.4 31 14.9
750 to 999 miles 284 3.7 5 1.6 5 2.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 279 3.7 11 3.3 16 7.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 560 7.3 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 14 0.2 S S S S

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 217 100.0 271 100.0 240 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 79 36.5 S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 5 2.1 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 34 15.8 35 12.9 45 18.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 51 23.5 43 15.8 105 44.0
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S 518 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 246 5.0 286 55.1 6 3.2
50 to 99 miles 33 0.7 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 86 1.7 36 7.0 7 3.7
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.