Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 68,649 100.0 42,116 100.0 9,379 100.0 465
Less than 50 lbs 6,059 8.8 152 0.4 83 0.9 548
50 to 99 lbs 1,842 2.7 133 0.3 42 0.5 319
100 to 499 lbs 5,336 7.8 603 1.4 213 2.3 383
500 to 749 lbs 2,175 3.2 391 0.9 124 1.3 305
750 to 999 lbs 2,209 3.2 351 0.8 126 1.3 348
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 18,009 26.2 7,127 16.9 1,808 19.3 244
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 29,580 43.1 21,751 51.6 4,923 52.5 231
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,464 3.6 5,556 13.2 564 6.0 101
100,000 lbs or more 975 1.4 6,052 14.4 1,495 15.9 230

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 55,865 100.0 41,003 100.0 8,753 100.0 228
Less than 50 lbs 1,465 2.6 43 0.1 6 161
50 to 99 lbs 1,024 1.8 51 0.1 12 0.1 239
100 to 499 lbs 4,101 7.3 532 1.3 169 1.9 314
500 to 749 lbs 2,089 3.7 378 0.9 116 1.3 294
750 to 999 lbs 1,195 2.1 268 0.7 76 0.9 278
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 17,780 31.8 6,999 17.1 1,792 20.5 246
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 24,776 44.3 21,200 51.7 4,527 51.7 221
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,464 4.4 5,499 13.4 562 6.4 102
100,000 lbs or more 971 1.7 6,034 14.7 1,492 17.0 230

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 54,147 100.0 39,737 100.0 8,068 100.0 188
Less than 50 lbs S S 42 0.1 4 S
50 to 99 lbs 862 1.6 49 0.1 8 0.1 170
100 to 499 lbs 3,884 7.2 527 1.3 164 2.0 307
500 to 749 lbs 2,049 3.8 378 1.0 114 1.4 290
750 to 999 lbs 1,097 2.0 266 0.7 74 0.9 275
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 17,637 32.6 6,993 17.6 1,785 22.1 245
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 24,516 45.3 21,112 53.1 4,453 55.2 220
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,230 4.1 5,283 13.3 432 5.4 84
100,000 lbs or more 661 1.2 S S S S 164

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 633 100.0 1,240 100.0 657 100.0 645
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,514
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 272
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 20 3.2 S S S S 1,407
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 68 10.7 76 6.1 63 9.6 820
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 234 37.0 216 17.4 131 19.9 590
100,000 lbs or more 310 49.1 945 76.2 458 69.7 518

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 1,085 100.0 S S S S 1,405
Less than 50 lbs 253 23.3 1 5.8 2 6.7 1,376
50 to 99 lbs 162 14.9 2 8.6 S S 1,907
100 to 499 lbs S S 5 19.8 5 17.6 1,096
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,844
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,019
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,181
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 924
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 7,840 100.0 595 100.0 447 100.0 654
Less than 50 lbs 4,552 58.1 108 18.1 77 17.3 675
50 to 99 lbs 810 10.3 81 13.7 30 6.7 371
100 to 499 lbs 1,191 15.2 55 9.3 43 9.6 809
500 to 749 lbs S S 6 1.0 S S 1,303
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 664
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 156 2.0 249 41.9 232 52.0 1,080
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 302

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 7,623 100.0 324 100.0 207 100.0 654
Less than 50 lbs 4,544 59.6 108 33.2 77 37.3 675
50 to 99 lbs 809 10.6 81 25.0 30 14.4 371
100 to 499 lbs 1,188 15.6 55 17.0 43 20.6 808
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,535
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 663
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 217 100.0 271 100.0 240 100.0 880
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 4,164
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 2,130
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,446
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 156 71.8 249 92.0 232 96.9 1,080
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 302

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes S S 518 100.0 S S 108
Less than 50 lbs 41 0.8 1 0.2 S
50 to 99 lbs S S 1 0.1 S S S
100 to 499 lbs 45 0.9 S S S S 78
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 66
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 15
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 186 3.8 S S 12 6.7 S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 302 58.4 S S 439
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 26
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 27

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.