Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 60,096 100.0 45,110 100.0 7,135 100.0
Less than 50 miles 18,191 30.3 28,074 62.2 476 6.7
50 to 99 miles 6,192 10.3 5,839 12.9 514 7.2
100 to 249 miles 8,229 13.7 4,414 9.8 917 12.9
250 to 499 miles 11,243 18.7 3,718 8.2 1,674 23.5
500 to 749 miles 8,244 13.7 1,780 3.9 1,367 19.2
750 to 999 miles 2,256 3.8 395 0.9 421 5.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,004 3.3 399 0.9 559 7.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 863 1.4 138 0.3 281 3.9
2,000 miles or more 2,875 4.8 354 0.8 925 13.0

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 55,233 100.0 43,110 100.0 6,924 100.0
Less than 50 miles 17,434 31.6 26,438 61.3 452 6.5
50 to 99 miles 5,644 10.2 5,763 13.4 508 7.3
100 to 249 miles 7,447 13.5 4,263 9.9 891 12.9
250 to 499 miles 10,541 19.1 3,683 8.5 1,658 23.9
500 to 749 miles 7,368 13.3 1,727 4.0 1,327 19.2
750 to 999 miles 1,929 3.5 377 0.9 401 5.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,635 3.0 392 0.9 550 7.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 773 1.4 136 0.3 276 4.0
2,000 miles or more 2,462 4.5 332 0.8 863 12.5

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 53,940 100.0 42,580 100.0 6,690 100.0
Less than 50 miles 17,414 32.3 26,229 61.6 442 6.6
50 to 99 miles 5,636 10.4 5,763 13.5 508 7.6
100 to 249 miles 7,427 13.8 4,201 9.9 874 13.1
250 to 499 miles 10,002 18.5 3,513 8.2 1,565 23.4
500 to 749 miles 7,185 13.3 1,656 3.9 1,259 18.8
750 to 999 miles 1,916 3.6 377 0.9 401 6.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,571 2.9 391 0.9 548 8.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 760 1.4 135 0.3 276 4.1
2,000 miles or more 2,030 3.8 315 0.7 817 12.2

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 173 100.0 514 100.0 216 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 50 28.6 165 32.1 90 41.5
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,120 100.0 15 100.0 18 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 168 15.0 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S 0.6 0.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 361 32.2 S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,679 100.0 147 100.0 120 100.0
Less than 50 miles 159 4.3 8 5.7 0.2
50 to 99 miles 426 11.6 19 13.0 2 1.5
100 to 249 miles 607 16.5 33 22.4 7 5.5
250 to 499 miles 630 17.1 27 18.3 14 11.3
500 to 749 miles 728 19.8 22 14.8 16 13.7
750 to 999 miles 300 8.1 10 6.9 12 10.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 358 9.7 6 3.9 8 6.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 84 2.3 2 1.6 5 4.1
2,000 miles or more 388 10.6 20 13.4 56 46.6

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,502 100.0 126 100.0 75 100.0
Less than 50 miles 159 4.5 8 6.7 0.4
50 to 99 miles 426 12.2 19 15.3 2 2.4
100 to 249 miles 601 17.2 32 25.8 6 8.4
250 to 499 miles 610 17.4 23 18.7 11 14.9
500 to 749 miles 720 20.6 20 15.6 14 19.4
750 to 999 miles 247 7.1 7 5.3 7 10.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 357 10.2 6 4.6 8 10.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 81 2.3 2 1.8 5 6.1
2,000 miles or more 301 8.6 8 6.3 21 27.8

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S 22 100.0 45 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S 12 54.4 35 77.9

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,184 100.0 S S 91 100.0
Less than 50 miles 598 50.5 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 122 10.3 57 3.1 5 5.2
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 73 6.1 8 0.4 3 3.8
500 to 749 miles 148 12.5 31 1.7 24 26.0
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.