Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 60,096 100.0 45,110 100.0 7,135 100.0 432
Less than 50 lbs 3,668 6.1 87 0.2 38 0.5 539
50 to 99 lbs 1,204 2.0 67 0.1 27 0.4 402
100 to 499 lbs 5,785 9.6 519 1.2 181 2.5 369
500 to 749 lbs 2,233 3.7 262 0.6 79 1.1 302
750 to 999 lbs 1,409 2.3 229 0.5 61 0.8 267
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 13,450 22.4 4,052 9.0 1,051 14.7 272
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 30,271 50.4 31,681 70.2 4,588 64.3 151
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,657 2.8 6,491 14.4 587 8.2 92
100,000 lbs or more 420 0.7 1,722 3.8 524 7.3 294

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 55,233 100.0 43,110 100.0 6,924 100.0 274
Less than 50 lbs 1,302 2.4 39 9 0.1 274
50 to 99 lbs 612 1.1 38 11 0.2 275
100 to 499 lbs 5,066 9.2 469 1.1 155 2.2 349
500 to 749 lbs 2,199 4.0 258 0.6 77 1.1 300
750 to 999 lbs 1,370 2.5 223 0.5 56 0.8 255
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 13,067 23.7 3,951 9.2 1,012 14.6 270
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 29,542 53.5 29,929 69.4 4,493 64.9 154
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,655 3.0 6,482 15.0 587 8.5 92
100,000 lbs or more 420 0.8 1,722 4.0 524 7.6 294

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 53,940 100.0 42,580 100.0 6,690 100.0 260
Less than 50 lbs 922 1.7 38 8 0.1 244
50 to 99 lbs 487 0.9 37 10 0.1 258
100 to 499 lbs 4,640 8.6 467 1.1 153 2.3 342
500 to 749 lbs 2,190 4.1 258 0.6 76 1.1 296
750 to 999 lbs 1,367 2.5 222 0.5 56 0.8 255
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 12,996 24.1 3,945 9.3 1,007 15.0 269
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 29,361 54.4 29,911 70.2 4,447 66.5 152
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,649 3.1 6,481 15.2 586 8.8 92
100,000 lbs or more 328 0.6 1,223 2.9 347 5.2 260

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 173 100.0 514 100.0 216 100.0 1,031
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 2,064
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,476
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,895
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 318
100,000 lbs or more 92 52.8 499 97.1 177 81.9 347

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 1,120 100.0 15 100.0 18 100.0 1,031
Less than 50 lbs 380 34.0 1 6.6 1 5.7 1,029
50 to 99 lbs 125 11.2 1 5.8 1 4.5 921
100 to 499 lbs S S S S 2 9.5 1,162
500 to 749 lbs S S 2.1 S S 3,564
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 634
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 71 6.4 S S 6 30.5 651
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,663
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 3,679 100.0 147 100.0 120 100.0 700
Less than 50 lbs 2,246 61.1 46 31.5 29 24.1 720
50 to 99 lbs 583 15.8 28 18.9 16 13.6 577
100 to 499 lbs 638 17.3 45 30.5 25 20.7 536
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 691
750 to 999 lbs 33 0.9 5 3.1 S S 897
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,602
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 16 10.7 35 28.9 2,218
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 3,502 100.0 126 100.0 75 100.0 697
Less than 50 lbs 2,246 64.1 46 36.9 29 38.5 717
50 to 99 lbs 583 16.6 28 22.2 16 21.8 577
100 to 499 lbs 636 18.2 45 35.8 25 33.0 534
500 to 749 lbs S S 2 1.7 S S 636
750 to 999 lbs 17 0.5 4 3.4 S S 808
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes S S 22 100.0 45 100.0 3,670
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 5,191
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 2,547
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,967
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,313
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,602
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 16 72.4 35 77.0 2,218
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 1,184 100.0 S S 91 100.0 106
Less than 50 lbs 120 10.1 2 0.1 0.2 75
50 to 99 lbs 9 0.8 1 S S 194
100 to 499 lbs 81 6.8 5 0.3 S S 210
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 19
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 339 28.6 95 5.2 30 32.5 315
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 618 52.2 S S 60 65.6 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 5
100,000 lbs or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.