Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 44,555 100.0 21,947 100.0 3,906 100.0
Less than 50 miles 9,067 20.4 13,685 62.4 S S
50 to 99 miles 3,547 8.0 2,028 9.2 204 5.2
100 to 249 miles 9,117 20.5 2,962 13.5 584 14.9
250 to 499 miles 11,408 25.6 1,278 5.8 635 16.3
500 to 749 miles 6,097 13.7 1,015 4.6 749 19.2
750 to 999 miles 2,449 5.5 494 2.2 489 12.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 908 2.0 205 0.9 278 7.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 750 1.7 125 0.6 270 6.9
2,000 miles or more 1,211 2.7 156 0.7 415 10.6

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 41,871 100.0 21,606 100.0 3,753 100.0
Less than 50 miles 8,712 20.8 13,539 62.7 S S
50 to 99 miles 3,460 8.3 2,012 9.3 203 5.4
100 to 249 miles 8,871 21.2 2,946 13.6 580 15.5
250 to 499 miles 10,804 25.8 1,199 5.5 578 15.4
500 to 749 miles 5,430 13.0 979 4.5 722 19.2
750 to 999 miles 2,167 5.2 457 2.1 455 12.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 796 1.9 202 0.9 273 7.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 649 1.5 123 0.6 268 7.1
2,000 miles or more 983 2.3 149 0.7 394 10.5

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 40,230 100.0 21,510 100.0 3,663 100.0
Less than 50 miles 8,712 21.7 13,539 62.9 S S
50 to 99 miles 3,452 8.6 2,012 9.4 203 5.5
100 to 249 miles 7,835 19.5 2,885 13.4 565 15.4
250 to 499 miles 10,731 26.7 1,198 5.6 577 15.8
500 to 749 miles 5,284 13.1 974 4.5 718 19.6
750 to 999 miles 2,121 5.3 457 2.1 454 12.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 760 1.9 192 0.9 256 7.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 603 1.5 122 0.6 265 7.2
2,000 miles or more 735 1.8 131 0.6 344 9.4

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S 92 100.0 87 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 335 100.0 4 100.0 4 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 72 21.6 1 21.1 13.5
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S 9.5 12.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2 0.6 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S 2.0 5.1

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 2,166 100.0 119 100.0 101 100.0
Less than 50 miles 97 4.5 3 2.4
50 to 99 miles 61 2.8 3 2.7 0.4
100 to 249 miles 196 9.0 6 5.3 2 1.5
250 to 499 miles 574 26.5 75 63.5 56 55.5
500 to 749 miles 604 27.9 17 14.1 S S
750 to 999 miles 245 11.3 5 3.8 5 4.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 97 4.5 1 0.9 1 1.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 1 1.0 3 2.6
2,000 miles or more 198 9.2 7 6.3 20 20.3

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 2,062 100.0 37 100.0 27 100.0
Less than 50 miles 97 4.7 3 7.5 0.4
50 to 99 miles 61 3.0 3 8.5 1.3
100 to 249 miles 190 9.2 6 16.4 1 5.1
250 to 499 miles S S 6 16.9 3 12.3
500 to 749 miles 589 28.6 10 27.6 8 29.1
750 to 999 miles 245 11.9 5 12.1 5 17.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 97 4.7 1 2.7 1 5.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 1 3.2 3 10.0
2,000 miles or more 185 9.0 2 5.0 5 19.1

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 104 100.0 81 100.0 74 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 71 68.6 S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 518 100.0 222 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.