Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 11,332 100.0 17,040 100.0 S S 227
Less than 50 lbs 1,279 11.3 33 0.2 6 0.2 S
50 to 99 lbs 464 4.1 24 0.1 3 0.1 143
100 to 499 lbs 1,464 12.9 183 1.1 12 0.4 63
500 to 749 lbs 404 3.6 89 0.5 9 0.3 104
750 to 999 lbs 271 2.4 77 0.5 5 0.2 65
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 2,572 22.7 1,124 6.6 89 2.8 69
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 2,947 26.0 5,808 34.1 S S 377
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 131 1.2 700 4.1 8 0.2 11
100,000 lbs or more 1,801 15.9 9,002 52.8 268 8.3 32

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 9,114 100.0 13,992 100.0 292 100.0 66
Less than 50 lbs 808 8.9 19 0.1 1 0.4 92
50 to 99 lbs 319 3.5 18 0.1 1 0.4 76
100 to 499 lbs 1,030 11.3 138 1.0 4 1.4 29
500 to 749 lbs 297 3.3 72 0.5 S S S
750 to 999 lbs 178 2.0 59 0.4 3 0.9 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 2,284 25.1 999 7.1 S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 2,577 28.3 4,652 33.3 79 26.9 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 128 1.4 663 4.7 7 2.3 10
100,000 lbs or more 1,492 16.4 7,373 52.7 138 47.2 23

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 5,879 100.0 6,555 100.0 55 100.0 9
Less than 50 lbs 669 11.4 17 0.3 0.3 10
50 to 99 lbs 253 4.3 16 0.2 0.3 10
100 to 499 lbs 922 15.7 131 2.0 1 2.2 9
500 to 749 lbs 265 4.5 67 1.0 1 1.3 10
750 to 999 lbs 163 2.8 55 0.8 1 1.0 10
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,631 27.7 909 13.9 8 13.8 9
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,833 31.2 4,430 67.6 35 63.8 8
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 127 2.2 659 10.1 7 12.3 10
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 8

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 3,234 100.0 7,436 100.0 237 100.0 689
Less than 50 lbs 139 4.3 2 1 0.5 790
50 to 99 lbs 67 2.1 2 1 0.5 S
100 to 499 lbs 108 3.3 7 3 1.2 426
500 to 749 lbs 32 1.0 5 S S 959
750 to 999 lbs 15 0.5 4 S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 653 20.2 90 1.2 S S 402
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S 44 18.4 192
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 15
100,000 lbs or more 1,475 45.6 7,101 95.5 135 57.0 S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 1,716 100.0 2,713 100.0 S S 1,340
Less than 50 lbs 323 18.8 6 0.2 4 0.1 1,633
50 to 99 lbs 104 6.0 4 0.1 2 575
100 to 499 lbs 366 21.3 27 1.0 7 0.2 271
500 to 749 lbs 102 5.9 13 0.5 3 0.1 281
750 to 999 lbs S S 16 0.6 S S 160
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 191 11.1 97 3.6 31 1.0 300
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 239 13.9 S S S S 2,383
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 156
100,000 lbs or more 304 17.7 1,458 53.7 130 4.4 116

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 755 100.0 21 100.0 9 100.0 1,710
Less than 50 lbs 268 35.5 4 20.2 3 36.2 1,866
50 to 99 lbs 86 11.4 2 9.4 1 16.7 760
100 to 499 lbs 283 37.4 9 45.5 3 33.6 301
500 to 749 lbs S S 3 15.2 S S 430
750 to 999 lbs S S 2 9.7 S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 961 100.0 2,692 100.0 S S 571
Less than 50 lbs 54 5.7 2 1 528
50 to 99 lbs 18 1.9 2 1 S
100 to 499 lbs 83 8.7 18 0.7 4 0.1 254
500 to 749 lbs 41 4.3 10 0.4 2 235
750 to 999 lbs 29 3.0 S S S S 181
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 191 19.8 97 3.6 31 1.0 300
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 239 24.9 S S S S 2,383
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 156
100,000 lbs or more 304 31.6 1,458 54.1 130 4.4 116

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 502 100.0 336 100.0 11 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs 148 29.5 8 2.3 1.1 S
50 to 99 lbs 41 8.2 3 0.9 S S S
100 to 499 lbs 68 13.6 19 5.7 1 5.5 S
500 to 749 lbs 6 1.1 S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs 5 1.0 2 0.7 S S 38
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 97 19.3 28 8.2 S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 131 26.0 65 19.5 S S 65
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 34 10.2 S S 7
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 3

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.