Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

Excel | CSV

All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 196,694 100.0 461,798 100.0 76,355 100.0
Less than 50 miles 91,938 46.7 303,270 65.7 5,400 7.1
50 to 99 miles 19,234 9.8 78,027 16.9 5,128 6.7
100 to 249 miles 26,526 13.5 24,341 5.3 5,105 6.7
250 to 499 miles 13,354 6.8 16,596 3.6 6,460 8.5
500 to 749 miles 5,220 2.7 4,663 1.0 3,645 4.8
750 to 999 miles 13,519 6.9 9,727 2.1 11,107 14.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 20,184 10.3 23,669 5.1 36,248 47.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 6,612 3.4 1,464 0.3 3,092 4.0
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 179,843 100.0 448,052 100.0 72,234 100.0
Less than 50 miles 86,808 48.3 297,111 66.3 5,300 7.3
50 to 99 miles 18,575 10.3 77,874 17.4 5,113 7.1
100 to 249 miles 23,673 13.2 18,661 4.2 3,869 5.4
250 to 499 miles 12,521 7.0 16,448 3.7 6,405 8.9
500 to 749 miles 4,580 2.5 4,494 1.0 3,481 4.8
750 to 999 miles 12,212 6.8 9,315 2.1 10,498 14.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 17,633 9.8 22,721 5.1 34,553 47.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,819 2.1 1,421 0.3 2,997 4.1
2,000 miles or more 23 S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 107,608 100.0 179,744 100.0 17,713 100.0
Less than 50 miles 50,542 47.0 139,941 77.9 2,596 14.7
50 to 99 miles 5,400 5.0 10,945 6.1 858 4.8
100 to 249 miles 21,125 19.6 10,894 6.1 2,303 13.0
250 to 499 miles 10,691 9.9 11,296 6.3 4,112 23.2
500 to 749 miles 2,992 2.8 1,940 1.1 1,380 7.8
750 to 999 miles 5,459 5.1 1,865 1.0 1,989 11.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 9,258 8.6 2,368 1.3 3,421 19.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,120 2.0 489 0.3 1,036 5.9
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 22,866 100.0 60,186 100.0 37,672 100.0
Less than 50 miles 4,834 21.1 14,204 23.6 408 1.1
50 to 99 miles 1,293 5.7 16,621 27.6 1,354 3.6
100 to 249 miles 1,054 4.6 2,005 3.3 457 1.2
250 to 499 miles 1,388 6.1 3,135 5.2 1,435 3.8
500 to 749 miles 904 4.0 1,857 3.1 1,515 4.0
750 to 999 miles 5,705 24.9 6,910 11.5 7,931 21.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 6,150 26.9 14,722 24.5 22,941 60.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 731 1.2 1,631 4.3
2,000 miles or more

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 49,369 100.0 208,123 100.0 16,849 100.0
Less than 50 miles 31,432 63.7 142,966 68.7 2,297 13.6
50 to 99 miles 11,881 24.1 50,308 24.2 2,900 17.2
100 to 249 miles S S 5,761 2.8 1,109 6.6
250 to 499 miles 442 0.9 2,017 1.0 859 5.1
500 to 749 miles S S S S 585 3.5
750 to 999 miles 1,049 2.1 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,225 4.5 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 11,822 100.0 S S 2,692 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,585 21.9 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 191 1.6 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 2,242 19.0 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 637 5.4 23 0.3 9 0.3
500 to 749 miles 512 4.3 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 1,108 9.4 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,951 16.5 309 3.6 678 25.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 30 0.3 68 2.5
2,000 miles or more 20 0.2 S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 9,967 100.0 240 100.0 156 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,227 22.3 86 35.9 2 1.3
50 to 99 miles 117 1.2 4 1.6 0.2
100 to 249 miles 1,109 11.1 34 14.0 8 5.1
250 to 499 miles 637 6.4 23 9.4 9 5.9
500 to 749 miles 443 4.4 11 4.7 8 5.2
750 to 999 miles 1,061 10.6 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,784 17.9 32 13.4 47 30.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 21 8.9 51 32.5
2,000 miles or more 18 0.2 1 0.4

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S 2,536 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 167 9.0 277 3.3 631 24.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 5,029 100.0 5,071 100.0 1,428 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,545 50.6 3,666 72.3 47 3.3
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 611 12.1 458 9.0 110 7.7
250 to 499 miles 196 3.9 125 2.5 45 3.2
500 to 749 miles 128 2.6 35 0.7 23 1.6
750 to 999 miles S S 26 0.5 27 1.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 600 11.9 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.