Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 196,694 100.0 461,798 100.0 76,355 100.0 333
Less than 50 lbs 10,018 5.1 282 104 0.1 491
50 to 99 lbs 3,713 1.9 243 38 163
100 to 499 lbs 14,123 7.2 1,279 0.3 202 0.3 161
500 to 749 lbs 3,284 1.7 626 0.1 69 111
750 to 999 lbs 2,398 1.2 515 0.1 58 111
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 24,268 12.3 7,842 1.7 1,475 1.9 181
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 52,908 26.9 76,093 16.5 13,245 17.3 184
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 16,574 8.4 63,126 13.7 3,154 4.1 S
100,000 lbs or more 69,408 35.3 311,793 67.5 58,011 76.0 533

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 179,843 100.0 448,052 100.0 72,234 100.0 169
Less than 50 lbs 4,280 2.4 176 24 226
50 to 99 lbs 2,144 1.2 201 18 96
100 to 499 lbs 11,100 6.2 1,160 0.3 147 0.2 127
500 to 749 lbs 2,741 1.5 587 0.1 61 104
750 to 999 lbs 2,174 1.2 486 0.1 57 116
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 22,362 12.4 7,613 1.7 1,382 1.9 175
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 51,270 28.5 73,411 16.4 12,599 17.4 182
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 16,548 9.2 63,054 14.1 3,134 4.3 S
100,000 lbs or more 67,224 37.4 301,365 67.3 54,811 75.9 533

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 107,608 100.0 179,744 100.0 17,713 100.0 109
Less than 50 lbs 3,742 3.5 169 14 102
50 to 99 lbs 1,999 1.9 197 0.1 12 61
100 to 499 lbs 9,944 9.2 1,147 0.6 128 0.7 111
500 to 749 lbs 2,617 2.4 585 0.3 59 0.3 102
750 to 999 lbs 2,158 2.0 484 0.3 56 0.3 115
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 21,906 20.4 7,579 4.2 1,336 7.5 171
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 49,626 46.1 72,135 40.1 11,244 63.5 168
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 62,360 34.7 2,365 13.4 37
100,000 lbs or more 3,087 2.9 S S S S S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 22,866 100.0 60,186 100.0 37,672 100.0 841
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 725
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 118
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 973
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 993
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 213
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 11 S S S S 1,054
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,099 4.8 S S S S 1,351
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 667 1.1 769 2.0 1,193
100,000 lbs or more 17,731 77.5 59,008 98.0 36,149 96.0 782

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 49,369 100.0 208,123 100.0 16,849 100.0 1,519
Less than 50 lbs 538 1.1 S S S S 1,643
50 to 99 lbs 145 0.3 S S S S 1,608
100 to 499 lbs 1,152 2.3 11 17 0.1 1,658
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 598
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 688
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,098
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 779
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 4 27 S
100,000 lbs or more 46,405 94.0 207,270 99.6 16,165 95.9 63

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 11,822 100.0 S S 2,692 100.0 829
Less than 50 lbs 5,293 44.8 93 1.1 79 2.9 863
50 to 99 lbs 1,309 11.1 34 0.4 19 0.7 552
100 to 499 lbs S S 78 0.9 S S 589
500 to 749 lbs 443 3.7 19 0.2 7 0.3 379
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 22 0.2 3 S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 88 0.7 79 0.9 114 4.3 1,473
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S 2,420 89.9 667

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 9,967 100.0 240 100.0 156 100.0 829
Less than 50 lbs 5,293 53.1 93 38.5 79 50.7 863
50 to 99 lbs 1,309 13.1 34 14.2 19 11.9 551
100 to 499 lbs S S 78 32.4 S S 589
500 to 749 lbs 443 4.4 19 7.7 7 4.4 378
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes S S S S 2,536 100.0 1,276
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,922
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,731
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,191
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 10 0.5 S S S S 1,246
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 88 4.7 79 0.9 114 4.5 1,473
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S 2,420 95.4 667

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 5,029 100.0 5,071 100.0 1,428 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs 445 8.9 13 0.3 27
50 to 99 lbs S S 8 0.2 S S 114
100 to 499 lbs 308 6.1 41 0.8 4 0.3 S
500 to 749 lbs S S 20 0.4 1 S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 68
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,884 37.5 227 4.5 91 6.4 338
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,551 30.8 S S 531 37.2 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 270
100,000 lbs or more 428 8.5 2,074 40.9 S S 330

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.