Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 196,694 100.0 461,798 100.0 76,355 100.0 333
Single modes 179,843 91.4 448,052 97.0 72,234 94.6 169
Truck2 107,608 54.7 179,744 38.9 17,713 23.2 109
Rail 22,866 11.6 60,186 13.0 37,672 49.3 841
All other Single modes 49,369 25.1 208,123 45.1 16,849 22.1 1,519
Multiple modes 11,822 6.0 S S 2,692 3.5 829
Parcel, USPS or courier 9,967 5.1 240 156 0.2 829
All other Multiple modes S S S S 2,536 3.3 1,276
Other and unknown modes 5,029 2.6 5,071 1.1 1,428 1.9 S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 5,869 100.0 12,849 100.0 S S S
Single modes 5,642 96.1 11,483 89.4 S S S
Truck2 4,748 80.9 7,412 57.7 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,745
All other Single modes S S S S S S 3
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 5,762 100.0 5,153 100.0 1,235 100.0 S
Single modes 5,618 97.5 5,020 97.4 1,054 85.3 S
Truck2 5,499 95.4 4,794 93.0 914 74.0 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,591
All other Single modes S S S S S S 803
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,285
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,978
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 866

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 456 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 455 99.8 S S S S S
Truck2 455 99.8 S S S S S
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 43
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 43
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 34

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 45,725 100.0 228,891 100.0 19,776 100.0 S
Single modes 44,172 96.6 221,518 96.8 17,573 88.9 S
Truck2 S S S S 1,647 8.3 S
Rail 1,567 3.4 22,160 9.7 3,608 18.2 563
All other Single modes 30,604 66.9 145,973 63.8 12,318 62.3 S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 423
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,389
Other and unknown modes 351 0.8 1,885 0.8 S S S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 51,191 100.0 119,735 100.0 39,034 100.0 609
Single modes 48,322 94.4 117,838 98.4 37,941 97.2 274
Truck2 17,573 34.3 26,728 22.3 5,076 13.0 234
Rail 15,776 30.8 34,887 29.1 29,317 75.1 733
All other Single modes 14,974 29.3 56,223 47.0 3,548 9.1 457
Multiple modes 1,953 3.8 S S S S 943
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 943
All other Multiple modes 403 0.8 S S S S 694
Other and unknown modes 916 1.8 274 0.2 S S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 7,145 100.0 4,284 100.0 914 100.0 527
Single modes 6,024 84.3 4,032 94.1 802 87.8 424
Truck2 5,870 82.2 3,866 90.2 700 76.6 418
Rail S S S S 71 7.8 512
All other Single modes S S S S S S 977
Multiple modes 759 10.6 52 1.2 33 3.7 660
Parcel, USPS or courier 751 10.5 39 0.9 S S 660
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,317
Other and unknown modes S S S S 78 8.6 116

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 20,769 100.0 27,027 100.0 5,647 100.0 209
Single modes 18,828 90.7 24,858 92.0 5,357 94.9 185
Truck2 18,444 88.8 24,109 89.2 4,658 82.5 163
Rail 65 0.3 125 0.5 103 1.8 748
All other Single modes 319 1.5 S S S S 1,567
Multiple modes 1,056 5.1 25 14 0.3 401
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,054 5.1 25 14 0.2 400
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,329
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 38,987 100.0 2,369 100.0 1,359 100.0 598
Single modes 32,273 82.8 2,227 94.0 1,271 93.5 447
Truck2 25,998 66.7 1,798 75.9 627 46.1 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,527
All other Single modes 1,759 4.5 26 1.1 44 3.3 1,680
Multiple modes S S 37 1.5 S S 1,017
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 37 1.5 S S 1,017
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 1,638 4.2 S S S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 19,540 100.0 6,048 100.0 920 100.0 273
Single modes 17,268 88.4 5,640 93.3 795 86.4 100
Truck2 16,691 85.4 5,573 92.1 694 75.4 96
Rail 39 0.2 58 1.0 91 9.9 1,525
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,255
Multiple modes 1,510 7.7 S S 82 8.9 746
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,462 7.5 S S 26 2.8 746
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 841
Other and unknown modes 762 3.9 S S S S 153

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 148
Truck2 S S S S S S 148
Rail S S S S S S 347
All other Single modes S S S S S S 87
Multiple modes S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 11

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.