Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 73,522 100.0 58,586 100.0 11,876 100.0
Less than 50 miles 13,099 17.8 35,307 60.3 796 6.7
50 to 99 miles 5,868 8.0 4,981 8.5 439 3.7
100 to 249 miles 18,132 24.7 8,258 14.1 1,612 13.6
250 to 499 miles 11,787 16.0 3,943 6.7 1,711 14.4
500 to 749 miles 9,376 12.8 3,215 5.5 2,501 21.1
750 to 999 miles 6,699 9.1 999 1.7 1,000 8.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,650 5.0 427 0.7 581 4.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 4,893 6.7 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 17 2 S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 60,858 100.0 56,999 100.0 10,831 100.0
Less than 50 miles 11,620 19.1 34,828 61.1 789 7.3
50 to 99 miles 5,440 8.9 4,923 8.6 434 4.0
100 to 249 miles 16,493 27.1 8,140 14.3 1,588 14.7
250 to 499 miles 9,976 16.4 3,752 6.6 1,629 15.0
500 to 749 miles 6,966 11.4 2,912 5.1 2,259 20.9
750 to 999 miles 3,995 6.6 798 1.4 807 7.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 355 0.6 485 4.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,436 5.6 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 58,439 100.0 52,708 100.0 8,537 100.0
Less than 50 miles 11,617 19.9 34,764 66.0 S S
50 to 99 miles 5,096 8.7 3,372 6.4 290 3.4
100 to 249 miles 16,080 27.5 7,297 13.8 1,369 16.0
250 to 499 miles 9,627 16.5 3,385 6.4 1,438 16.8
500 to 749 miles 6,379 10.9 1,831 3.5 1,302 15.2
750 to 999 miles 3,842 6.6 673 1.3 675 7.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 354 0.7 483 5.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,879 4.9 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,762 100.0 3,237 100.0 2,221 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles 92 5.2 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 384 21.8 842 26.0 218 9.8
250 to 499 miles S S 367 11.3 191 8.6
500 to 749 miles 311 17.6 1,079 33.3 952 42.9
750 to 999 miles 121 6.9 124 3.8 131 5.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 658 100.0 S S 73 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S 1 0.9
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2 0.4 0.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 38 5.8 1 1.3
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 9,870 100.0 603 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 389 3.9 20 3.3 1
50 to 99 miles 319 3.2 24 3.9 2 0.3
100 to 249 miles 1,508 15.3 67 11.1 14 2.0
250 to 499 miles 1,572 15.9 45 7.5 20 3.0
500 to 749 miles 1,874 19.0 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S 42 7.0 43 6.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 694 7.0 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,150 11.6 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 9,310 100.0 273 100.0 179 100.0
Less than 50 miles 389 4.2 20 7.2 1 0.3
50 to 99 miles 319 3.4 24 8.6 2 1.1
100 to 249 miles 1,492 16.0 60 22.0 11 6.4
250 to 499 miles 1,572 16.9 45 16.5 20 11.3
500 to 749 miles 1,798 19.3 43 15.6 30 16.7
750 to 999 miles S S 34 12.6 34 18.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 387 4.2 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,004 10.8 20 7.3 43 24.1
2,000 miles or more 2

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 2,794 100.0 985 100.0 375 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 460 46.7 6 1.7
50 to 99 miles 109 3.9 34 3.4 3 0.7
100 to 249 miles 131 4.7 52 5.3 10 2.7
250 to 499 miles 239 8.6 S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S 95 9.7 64 17.1
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.