Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 73,522 100.0 58,586 100.0 11,876 100.0 631
Less than 50 lbs 7,369 10.0 195 0.3 97 0.8 690
50 to 99 lbs 1,872 2.5 121 0.2 47 0.4 430
100 to 499 lbs 5,523 7.5 416 0.7 120 1.0 285
500 to 749 lbs 1,424 1.9 229 0.4 70 0.6 298
750 to 999 lbs S S 212 0.4 57 0.5 270
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 14,935 20.3 4,196 7.2 1,304 11.0 267
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 35,306 48.0 34,259 58.5 6,005 50.6 199
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,830 3.8 13,595 23.2 1,163 9.8 S
100,000 lbs or more 2,032 2.8 5,363 9.2 3,014 25.4 753

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 60,858 100.0 56,999 100.0 10,831 100.0 151
Less than 50 lbs 1,822 3.0 61 0.1 7 100
50 to 99 lbs 786 1.3 51 6 118
100 to 499 lbs 3,833 6.3 341 0.6 81 0.7 220
500 to 749 lbs 1,280 2.1 219 0.4 60 0.6 267
750 to 999 lbs 963 1.6 207 0.4 53 0.5 255
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 14,472 23.8 4,062 7.1 1,247 11.5 262
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 32,961 54.2 33,480 58.7 5,350 49.4 179
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,820 4.6 13,533 23.7 1,162 10.7 S
100,000 lbs or more 1,921 3.2 5,044 8.8 2,866 26.5 786

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 58,439 100.0 52,708 100.0 8,537 100.0 135
Less than 50 lbs 1,740 3.0 61 0.1 5 76
50 to 99 lbs 778 1.3 51 0.1 6 109
100 to 499 lbs 3,545 6.1 339 0.6 74 0.9 204
500 to 749 lbs 1,278 2.2 219 0.4 60 0.7 266
750 to 999 lbs 940 1.6 207 0.4 52 0.6 255
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 14,460 24.7 4,060 7.7 1,244 14.6 261
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 32,819 56.2 33,424 63.4 5,309 62.2 178
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,241 3.8 12,923 24.5 852 10.0 S
100,000 lbs or more S S 1,425 2.7 S S 653

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 1,762 100.0 3,237 100.0 2,221 100.0 769
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,554
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 142 8.0 56 1.7 40 1.8 781
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 579 32.8 610 18.8 310 13.9 511
100,000 lbs or more 1,031 58.5 2,570 79.4 1,868 84.1 1,019

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 658 100.0 S S 73 100.0 2,140
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 2,093
50 to 99 lbs 9 1.3 S S S S 2,227
100 to 499 lbs S S 2 0.2 S S 2,811
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 676
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,006
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,157
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 912
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 58

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 9,870 100.0 603 100.0 S S 806
Less than 50 lbs 5,286 53.6 130 21.6 90 13.4 812
50 to 99 lbs 999 10.1 67 11.0 S S 671
100 to 499 lbs 1,658 16.8 67 11.1 38 5.7 593
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,195
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,178
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,246
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,945
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 899

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 9,310 100.0 273 100.0 179 100.0 806
Less than 50 lbs 5,286 56.8 130 47.6 90 50.0 812
50 to 99 lbs 999 10.7 67 24.3 S S 671
100 to 499 lbs 1,657 17.8 67 24.4 38 21.3 588
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,195
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 743
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 2,233
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 4,679
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 4,908
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,246
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,945
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 899

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 2,794 100.0 985 100.0 375 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs 261 9.3 4 0.4 0.1 S
50 to 99 lbs S S 3 0.3 S
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 584
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 425
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 448 16.0 131 13.3 49 13.1 395
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,844 66.0 591 60.1 298 79.5 598
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 21
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 138

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.