Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 46,433 100.0 34,590 100.0 5,938 100.0
Less than 50 miles 9,261 19.9 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 2,584 5.6 2,056 5.9 188 3.2
100 to 249 miles 12,093 26.0 5,034 14.6 909 15.3
250 to 499 miles 16,802 36.2 4,703 13.6 1,882 31.7
500 to 749 miles 2,190 4.7 729 2.1 557 9.4
750 to 999 miles 1,995 4.3 883 2.6 978 16.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 990 2.1 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 98 0.2 15 31 0.5
2,000 miles or more 418 0.9 S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 42,444 100.0 33,867 100.0 5,593 100.0
Less than 50 miles 8,637 20.3 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 2,413 5.7 1,968 5.8 181 3.2
100 to 249 miles 11,626 27.4 4,944 14.6 893 16.0
250 to 499 miles 16,273 38.3 4,541 13.4 1,821 32.6
500 to 749 miles 1,809 4.3 699 2.1 531 9.5
750 to 999 miles 1,057 2.5 770 2.3 855 15.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 327 0.8 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 14 29 0.5
2,000 miles or more 240 0.6 S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 41,784 100.0 32,298 100.0 4,581 100.0
Less than 50 miles 8,625 20.6 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 2,413 5.8 1,968 6.1 181 4.0
100 to 249 miles 11,583 27.7 4,871 15.1 877 19.2
250 to 499 miles 15,949 38.2 3,637 11.3 1,390 30.3
500 to 749 miles S S 474 1.5 334 7.3
750 to 999 miles 936 2.2 509 1.6 538 11.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 312 0.7 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 14 29 0.6
2,000 miles or more 219 0.5 S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 488 100.0 1,553 100.0 1,007 100.0
Less than 50 miles 7 1.4 S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles 24 4.9 73 4.7 16 1.6
250 to 499 miles 266 54.5 902 58.0 428 42.5
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 172 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 19 11.0 0.5 S S
250 to 499 miles 58 33.9 S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 20 11.7 0.3 3.2

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 2,945 100.0 233 100.0 129 100.0
Less than 50 miles 137 4.7 7 3.1 0.1
50 to 99 miles 60 2.0 2 0.8 0.1
100 to 249 miles 249 8.5 11 4.7 2 1.7
250 to 499 miles 494 16.8 155 66.7 58 45.0
500 to 749 miles 363 12.3 16 6.9 13 10.2
750 to 999 miles 795 27.0 30 13.1 33 25.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 4 1.8 6 4.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 35 1.2 1 0.3 2 1.3
2,000 miles or more 161 5.5 6 2.4 15 11.8

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 2,878 100.0 62 100.0 45 100.0
Less than 50 miles 135 4.7 5 8.8 0.2
50 to 99 miles 60 2.1 2 3.1 0.4
100 to 249 miles 249 8.7 11 17.4 2 4.7
250 to 499 miles 470 16.3 17 27.7 6 14.1
500 to 749 miles 351 12.2 7 10.5 5 10.7
750 to 999 miles 768 26.7 10 16.3 10 23.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 4 6.9 6 12.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 35 1.2 1 1.3 2 3.7
2,000 miles or more 159 5.5 S S S S

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 67 100.0 S S 84 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 23 34.9 S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 27 40.4 20 11.9 22 26.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,043 100.0 490 100.0 216 100.0
Less than 50 miles 487 46.7 176 36.0 S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S 6 1.3 2 1.1
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S 82 16.7 91 42.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 12 1.2 24 5.0 36 16.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.