Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 28,083 100.0 27,815 100.0 6,366 100.0
Less than 50 miles 7,214 25.7 17,988 64.7 310 4.9
50 to 99 miles 1,852 6.6 1,060 3.8 86 1.3
100 to 249 miles 5,311 18.9 2,862 10.3 565 8.9
250 to 499 miles 3,628 12.9 1,986 7.1 937 14.7
500 to 749 miles 4,206 15.0 1,952 7.0 1,844 29.0
750 to 999 miles 2,100 7.5 837 3.0 900 14.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,624 12.9 1,084 3.9 1,632 25.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 133 0.5 44 0.2 85 1.3
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 24,589 100.0 27,411 100.0 6,163 100.0
Less than 50 miles 6,396 26.0 17,845 65.1 309 5.0
50 to 99 miles 1,705 6.9 1,046 3.8 84 1.4
100 to 249 miles 4,888 19.9 2,819 10.3 557 9.0
250 to 499 miles 2,977 12.1 1,925 7.0 908 14.7
500 to 749 miles 3,638 14.8 1,895 6.9 1,803 29.2
750 to 999 miles 1,830 7.4 811 3.0 872 14.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,039 12.4 1,027 3.7 1,546 25.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 108 0.4 42 0.2 83 1.3
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 19,360 100.0 25,336 100.0 4,056 100.0
Less than 50 miles 6,394 33.0 17,817 70.3 307 7.6
50 to 99 miles 1,705 8.8 1,046 4.1 84 2.1
100 to 249 miles 4,843 25.0 2,614 10.3 509 12.6
250 to 499 miles 2,341 12.1 1,556 6.1 705 17.4
500 to 749 miles 1,735 9.0 983 3.9 723 17.8
750 to 999 miles 765 4.0 491 1.9 498 12.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,498 7.7 798 3.2 1,172 28.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 76 0.4 30 0.1 57 1.4
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 4,694 100.0 1,541 100.0 1,352 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 573 12.2 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 1,763 37.6 386 25.1 338 25.0
750 to 999 miles S S S S 373 27.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,312 28.0 225 14.6 366 27.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 535 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S 2 0.4 2 0.2
500 to 749 miles 140 26.1 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S 1 0.2 1 0.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 229 42.7 4 0.8 8 1.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 2,711 100.0 119 100.0 98 100.0
Less than 50 miles 436 16.1 7 5.8 0.2
50 to 99 miles S S 2 1.7 0.2
100 to 249 miles 332 12.2 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 549 20.3 15 12.3 7 7.2
500 to 749 miles 484 17.9 16 13.7 12 12.3
750 to 999 miles 246 9.1 9 7.6 10 9.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 534 19.7 36 30.1 56 57.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 25 0.9 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 6 0.2 S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 2,689 100.0 95 100.0 68 100.0
Less than 50 miles 436 16.2 7 7.2 0.2
50 to 99 miles S S 2 2.1 0.3
100 to 249 miles 330 12.3 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 549 20.4 15 15.4 7 10.3
500 to 749 miles 482 17.9 16 16.8 12 17.2
750 to 999 miles 242 9.0 8 8.7 9 12.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 520 19.4 21 22.3 30 43.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 25 0.9 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 783 100.0 286 100.0 105 100.0
Less than 50 miles 382 48.8 S S 1 1.2
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 102 13.0 47 16.4 22 21.0
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 51 6.5 21 7.3 30 28.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.