Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 28,083 100.0 27,815 100.0 6,366 100.0 608
Less than 50 lbs 2,767 9.9 62 0.2 47 0.7 758
50 to 99 lbs 548 2.0 37 0.1 17 0.3 455
100 to 499 lbs 1,427 5.1 223 0.8 52 0.8 244
500 to 749 lbs 440 1.6 109 0.4 23 0.4 212
750 to 999 lbs 639 2.3 139 0.5 24 0.4 173
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 4,025 14.3 1,899 6.8 425 6.7 189
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 13,170 46.9 16,550 59.5 3,434 53.9 217
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,757 6.3 5,747 20.7 351 5.5 S
100,000 lbs or more 3,310 11.8 3,047 11.0 1,994 31.3 561

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 24,589 100.0 27,411 100.0 6,163 100.0 342
Less than 50 lbs 624 2.5 16 7 0.1 581
50 to 99 lbs 232 0.9 20 5 281
100 to 499 lbs 1,029 4.2 193 0.7 37 0.6 189
500 to 749 lbs 421 1.7 104 0.4 20 0.3 194
750 to 999 lbs 623 2.5 135 0.5 21 0.3 154
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 3,767 15.3 1,852 6.8 406 6.6 186
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 12,888 52.4 16,397 59.8 3,327 54.0 213
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,700 6.9 5,706 20.8 346 5.6 S
100,000 lbs or more 3,304 13.4 2,988 10.9 1,993 32.3 573

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 19,360 100.0 25,336 100.0 4,056 100.0 155
Less than 50 lbs 269 1.4 11 1 127
50 to 99 lbs 192 1.0 18 2 111
100 to 499 lbs 977 5.0 187 0.7 29 0.7 153
500 to 749 lbs 421 2.2 104 0.4 20 0.5 193
750 to 999 lbs 623 3.2 135 0.5 21 0.5 153
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 3,723 19.2 1,851 7.3 405 10.0 185
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 12,712 65.7 16,274 64.2 3,174 78.3 207
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 280 1.4 5,586 22.0 201 5.0 38
100,000 lbs or more S S 1,170 4.6 S S S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 4,694 100.0 1,541 100.0 1,352 100.0 1,099
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 970
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 550
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 176 3.7 123 8.0 153 11.3 1,251
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,420 30.3 120 7.8 145 10.7 1,207
100,000 lbs or more 3,097 66.0 1,297 84.2 1,055 78.0 933

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 535 100.0 S S S S 1,355
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,336
50 to 99 lbs 41 7.6 2 0.4 3 0.5 1,701
100 to 499 lbs S S 6 1.1 8 1.1 1,401
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,391
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 941
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,899
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,415

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 2,711 100.0 119 100.0 98 100.0 814
Less than 50 lbs 2,074 76.5 45 37.9 S S 827
50 to 99 lbs 303 11.2 17 14.2 11 11.6 675
100 to 499 lbs 295 10.9 28 24.0 14 14.6 549
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,131
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,279
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,075
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 2,689 100.0 95 100.0 68 100.0 814
Less than 50 lbs 2,074 77.1 45 47.4 S S 827
50 to 99 lbs 303 11.3 17 17.8 11 16.6 675
100 to 499 lbs 295 11.0 28 30.0 14 20.9 548
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,131
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 602
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 2,261
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,706
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 6,087
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,279
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,075
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 783 100.0 286 100.0 105 100.0 195
Less than 50 lbs S S 2 0.6 S S S
50 to 99 lbs 12 1.5 1 0.2 S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S 2 0.6 S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 428
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 440
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 250 31.9 46 15.9 17 16.0 S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 269 34.4 131 45.9 81 77.0 520
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 6

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.