Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 28,083 100.0 27,815 100.0 6,366 100.0 608
Single modes 24,589 87.6 27,411 98.5 6,163 96.8 342
Truck2 19,360 68.9 25,336 91.1 4,056 63.7 155
Rail 4,694 16.7 1,541 5.5 1,352 21.2 1,099
All other Single modes 535 1.9 S S S S 1,355
Multiple modes 2,711 9.7 119 0.4 98 1.5 814
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,689 9.6 95 0.3 68 1.1 814
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,261
Other and unknown modes 783 2.8 286 1.0 105 1.7 195

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 1,457 100.0 3,489 100.0 2,067 100.0 337
Single modes 1,406 96.5 3,446 98.8 2,031 98.2 328
Truck2 1,251 85.8 1,986 56.9 630 30.5 311
Rail 112 7.7 939 26.9 664 32.1 772
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,415
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,638
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,638
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 725

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 2,112 100.0 2,119 100.0 1,006 100.0 S
Single modes 2,068 97.9 2,073 97.8 995 98.9 S
Truck2 2,039 96.5 2,032 95.9 928 92.2 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,661
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,342
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,013
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 760
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,246
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 527

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S S S 14
Single modes S S S S S S 14
Truck2 S S S S S S 14
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S 713 100.0 36 100.0 81
Single modes S S 713 100.0 36 100.0 80
Truck2 S S 713 100.0 36 100.0 80
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 591
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 591
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 3,101 100.0 1,290 100.0 676 100.0 779
Single modes 2,610 84.2 1,278 99.1 667 98.7 839
Truck2 2,330 75.1 1,118 86.7 479 70.8 360
Rail 145 4.7 157 12.2 184 27.2 1,175
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,330
Multiple modes 482 15.5 11 0.9 9 1.3 744
Parcel, USPS or courier 480 15.5 10 0.8 7 1.0 744
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,712
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 1,995 100.0 1,006 100.0 254 100.0 786
Single modes 1,361 68.2 907 90.2 228 89.5 266
Truck2 1,330 66.7 906 90.1 226 88.6 133
Rail
All other Single modes 31 1.6 1 0.1 S S 1,965
Multiple modes 535 26.8 22 2.2 20 7.8 1,016
Parcel, USPS or courier 535 26.8 22 2.2 20 7.8 1,016
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 99 5.0 S S S S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 2,491 100.0 S S 921 100.0 273
Single modes 2,186 87.8 S S 889 96.5 S
Truck2 2,151 86.4 S S 875 95.0 S
Rail S S S S S S 687
All other Single modes S S 1 1 0.1 1,579
Multiple modes S S S S S S 515
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 6 4 0.4 512
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,882
Other and unknown modes 6 0.2 S S S S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 8,053 100.0 1,486 100.0 780 100.0 530
Single modes 6,614 82.1 1,354 91.1 721 92.4 743
Truck2 1,960 24.3 S S 286 36.7 323
Rail 4,403 54.7 381 25.7 425 54.5 1,125
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,322
Multiple modes 918 11.4 S S 11 1.4 383
Parcel, USPS or courier 918 11.4 S S 11 1.4 383
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 521 6.5 S S S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 8,551 100.0 2,984 100.0 510 100.0 768
Single modes 8,024 93.8 2,944 98.6 481 94.3 110
Truck2 8,024 93.8 2,944 98.6 481 94.3 107
Rail S S S S S S 970
All other Single modes S S S S S S 875
Multiple modes 470 5.5 S S S S 953
Parcel, USPS or courier 468 5.5 S S S S 953
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,578
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 146

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S S S 290
Single modes S S S S S S 406
Truck2 S S S S S S S
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,480
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.