Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 62,490 100.0 54,475 100.0 16,887 100.0
Less than 50 miles 11,778 18.8 20,587 37.8 434 2.6
50 to 99 miles 1,272 2.0 1,844 3.4 150 0.9
100 to 249 miles 11,306 18.1 12,982 23.8 2,989 17.7
250 to 499 miles 9,132 14.6 10,000 18.4 4,804 28.4
500 to 749 miles 17,654 28.3 5,936 10.9 4,327 25.6
750 to 999 miles 4,426 7.1 1,710 3.1 1,829 10.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 5,302 8.5 1,287 2.4 1,971 11.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,130 1.8 90 0.2 180 1.1
2,000 miles or more 489 0.8 40 203 1.2

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 54,114 100.0 53,683 100.0 16,241 100.0
Less than 50 miles 10,657 19.7 20,337 37.9 431 2.7
50 to 99 miles 1,150 2.1 1,822 3.4 148 0.9
100 to 249 miles 10,104 18.7 12,916 24.1 2,975 18.3
250 to 499 miles 7,507 13.9 9,931 18.5 4,772 29.4
500 to 749 miles 16,378 30.3 5,873 10.9 4,279 26.3
750 to 999 miles 3,409 6.3 1,682 3.1 1,801 11.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,935 7.3 1,037 1.9 1,666 10.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 973 1.8 84 0.2 169 1.0
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 36,924 100.0 41,716 100.0 10,044 100.0
Less than 50 miles 10,433 28.3 18,850 45.2 302 3.0
50 to 99 miles 1,141 3.1 1,769 4.2 143 1.4
100 to 249 miles 9,734 26.4 9,500 22.8 2,107 21.0
250 to 499 miles 7,085 19.2 6,788 16.3 S S
500 to 749 miles 3,992 10.8 3,353 8.0 2,428 24.2
750 to 999 miles S S 912 2.2 918 9.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,390 6.5 510 1.2 767 7.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 213 0.6 33 62 0.6
2,000 miles or more

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 17,132 100.0 11,902 100.0 6,187 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 367 2.1 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 415 2.4 3,143 26.4 1,454 23.5
500 to 749 miles S S 2,516 21.1 1,845 29.8
750 to 999 miles 1,465 8.6 770 6.5 882 14.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,527 8.9 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 58 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 6 11.0 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 6 10.9 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 18 31.3 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 6,718 100.0 299 100.0 365 100.0
Less than 50 miles 560 8.3 S S 0.1
50 to 99 miles 109 1.6 6 1.9 0.1
100 to 249 miles 1,036 15.4 42 13.9 9 2.5
250 to 499 miles 1,543 23.0 61 20.3 29 7.9
500 to 749 miles 1,268 18.9 48 16.1 37 10.1
750 to 999 miles 472 7.0 22 7.4 23 6.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,086 16.2 36 12.0 53 14.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 488 7.3 40 13.2 202 55.4

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 6,018 100.0 212 100.0 153 100.0
Less than 50 miles 484 8.0 11 5.4 0.1
50 to 99 miles 109 1.8 6 2.6 0.3
100 to 249 miles 1,035 17.2 39 18.2 8 5.2
250 to 499 miles 1,542 25.6 58 27.3 28 18.0
500 to 749 miles 1,118 18.6 34 16.0 25 16.5
750 to 999 miles 472 7.8 22 10.4 23 15.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,086 18.0 36 16.9 53 34.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 700 100.0 87 100.0 213 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more 473 67.5 39 44.4 198 93.4

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,658 100.0 492 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 561 33.9 211 42.8 2 0.9
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S 24 4.8 S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.