Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

Excel | CSV

All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 62,490 100.0 54,475 100.0 16,887 100.0 479
Single modes 54,114 86.6 53,683 98.5 16,241 96.2 272
Truck2 36,924 59.1 41,716 76.6 10,044 59.5 250
Rail 17,132 27.4 11,902 21.8 6,187 36.6 696
All other Single modes 58 S S S S 1,609
Multiple modes 6,718 10.8 299 0.5 365 2.2 702
Parcel, USPS or courier 6,018 9.6 212 0.4 153 0.9 702
All other Multiple modes 700 1.1 87 0.2 213 1.3 S
Other and unknown modes 1,658 2.7 492 0.9 S S S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 2,611 100.0 18,704 100.0 7,060 100.0 S
Single modes 2,590 99.2 18,667 99.8 7,059 100.0 S
Truck2 1,799 68.9 12,041 64.4 3,511 49.7 S
Rail 791 30.3 6,626 35.4 3,548 50.3 635
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 7
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 21

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S 6,072 100.0 2,813 100.0 244
Single modes S S 6,004 98.9 2,794 99.3 217
Truck2 S S 4,724 77.8 1,939 69.0 205
Rail S S 1,276 21.0 848 30.1 931
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,544
Multiple modes S S 2 3 0.1 1,155
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 3 0.1 1,155
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 43 100.0 6,987 100.0 120 100.0 19
Single modes 43 100.0 6,986 100.0 120 100.0 19
Truck2 43 100.0 6,986 100.0 120 100.0 19
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 7
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 7
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S S S 39
Single modes S S S S S S 39
Truck2 S S S S S S 39
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 5
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 7,406 100.0 S S 343 100.0 266
Single modes 6,392 86.3 S S 320 93.4 225
Truck2 6,387 86.2 S S 320 93.2 220
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,602
Multiple modes 897 12.1 S S S S 512
Parcel, USPS or courier 747 10.1 7 0.3 4 1.2 514
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 270
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 3,797 100.0 1,349 100.0 402 100.0 758
Single modes 1,789 47.1 1,163 86.3 312 77.7 336
Truck2 1,783 47.0 1,158 85.9 305 75.8 315
Rail S S S S S S 1,194
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,544
Multiple modes 1,892 49.8 103 7.7 87 21.6 920
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,890 49.8 98 7.2 85 21.0 920
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 374
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 4,852 100.0 3,444 100.0 S S 337
Single modes 3,527 72.7 3,408 98.9 S S 339
Truck2 3,512 72.4 3,400 98.7 S S 324
Rail S S S S S S 333
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,836
Multiple modes S S S S 8 0.6 392
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 8 0.6 392
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 17 0.5 S S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 19,768 100.0 S S S S 502
Single modes 17,994 91.0 S S S S 497
Truck2 2,946 14.9 S S S S 445
Rail S S S S 890 30.5 820
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,558
Multiple modes 1,163 5.9 53 1.0 23 0.8 517
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,104 5.6 47 0.9 23 0.8 517
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 289

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 14,513 100.0 S S S S 603
Single modes S S S S S S 260
Truck2 S S 1,907 39.2 707 38.9 227
Rail 576 4.0 S S S S S
All other Single modes S S 1 1,591
Multiple modes 1,996 13.8 77 1.6 229 12.6 798
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,524 10.5 38 0.8 30 1.7 794
All other Multiple modes 473 3.3 39 0.8 198 10.9 5,164
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 35 100.0 19 100.0 S S S
Single modes S S 19 98.6 S S 383
Truck2 S S 11 59.2 S S 137
Rail S S S S S S 1,903
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 110
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 110
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 244

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.