Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 15,210 100.0 25,507 100.0 4,715 100.0 228
Single modes 13,775 90.6 25,182 98.7 4,638 98.4 91
Truck2 13,320 87.6 23,157 90.8 3,257 69.1 62
Rail S S S S S S 1,596
All other Single modes 136 0.9 1 2 2,182
Multiple modes 1,164 7.7 132 0.5 71 1.5 1,052
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,158 7.6 42 0.2 46 1.0 1,052
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,118
Other and unknown modes 272 1.8 S S 6 0.1 S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 680 100.0 338 100.0 S S S
Single modes 678 99.8 337 99.9 S S S
Truck2 678 99.8 337 99.9 S S S
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,860
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,860
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 18

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 2,816 100.0 1,754 100.0 546 100.0 36
Single modes 2,773 98.5 1,732 98.7 546 99.9 36
Truck2 2,771 98.4 1,731 98.6 543 99.5 36
Rail S S S S S S 2,246
All other Single modes S S S S S S 2,525
Multiple modes S S S S S S 283
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 283
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 193 100.0 8,103 100.0 685 100.0 S
Single modes 173 89.7 7,936 97.9 683 99.7 S
Truck2 164 85.1 7,515 92.7 458 66.8 S
Rail 9 4.6 421 5.2 225 32.9 539
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 19
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 19
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 6

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S S S 46
Single modes S S S S S S 47
Truck2 S S S S S S 47
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 6

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 1,389 100.0 1,607 100.0 505 100.0 S
Single modes 1,205 86.7 1,599 99.5 504 99.7 S
Truck2 1,164 83.8 1,266 78.8 317 62.7 S
Rail S S S S S S 558
All other Single modes S S S S S S 2,311
Multiple modes S S 3 0.2 2 0.3 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 0.2 2 0.3 S
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes 17 1.2 5 0.3 S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 3,852 100.0 661 100.0 302 100.0 656
Single modes 3,346 86.9 633 95.8 278 91.8 S
Truck2 3,338 86.6 628 94.9 263 86.8 S
Rail S S S S S S 2,737
All other Single modes S S S S S S 2,054
Multiple modes 454 11.8 18 2.7 S S 1,368
Parcel, USPS or courier 454 11.8 18 2.7 S S 1,369
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes 52 1.3 S S S S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 1,918 100.0 10,800 100.0 S S 314
Single modes 1,642 85.6 10,735 99.4 S S 170
Truck2 1,591 82.9 9,472 87.7 1,487 60.1 S
Rail S S S S S S 749
All other Single modes S S S S S S 2,169
Multiple modes S S S S S S 882
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 883
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 614
Other and unknown modes S S S S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 1,873 100.0 92 100.0 34 100.0 S
Single modes 1,654 88.3 88 95.7 32 92.9 S
Truck2 1,400 74.7 86 93.6 30 86.0 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,769
All other Single modes S S S S S S 2,263
Multiple modes 211 11.2 3 3.5 2 7.1 980
Parcel, USPS or courier 211 11.2 3 3.5 2 7.1 967
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,801
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 2,021 100.0 759 100.0 27 100.0 S
Single modes 1,837 90.9 730 96.2 18 66.9 S
Truck2 1,749 86.5 730 96.1 18 66.5 S
Rail
All other Single modes S S 0.5 1,700
Multiple modes 112 5.6 S S S S 1,373
Parcel, USPS or courier 112 5.6 S S S S 1,373
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 72 3.5 S S S S 346

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 19 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 17 88.4 S S S S S
Truck2 17 88.4 S S S S S
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 271
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 271
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 8

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.