Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 504,949 100.0 384,278 100.0 74,054 100.0
Less than 50 miles 206,595 40.9 274,736 71.5 4,698 6.3
50 to 99 miles 38,354 7.6 27,720 7.2 2,310 3.1
100 to 249 miles 23,768 4.7 25,449 6.6 5,448 7.4
250 to 499 miles 48,271 9.6 26,925 7.0 10,618 14.3
500 to 749 miles S S 3,504 0.9 2,600 3.5
750 to 999 miles 19,789 3.9 6,747 1.8 7,321 9.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 31,612 6.3 4,535 1.2 7,023 9.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 51,561 10.2 9,183 2.4 19,385 26.2
2,000 miles or more 58,864 11.7 5,479 1.4 14,650 19.8

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 384,395 100.0 373,627 100.0 66,127 100.0
Less than 50 miles 173,133 45.0 269,869 72.2 4,608 7.0
50 to 99 miles 28,113 7.3 26,657 7.1 2,228 3.4
100 to 249 miles 18,835 4.9 25,113 6.7 5,387 8.1
250 to 499 miles 38,140 9.9 26,087 7.0 10,290 15.6
500 to 749 miles S S 3,258 0.9 2,410 3.6
750 to 999 miles 15,184 4.0 6,491 1.7 7,034 10.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 21,187 5.5 3,838 1.0 5,928 9.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 35,878 9.3 7,989 2.1 16,777 25.4
2,000 miles or more 32,681 8.5 4,323 1.2 11,464 17.3

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 348,469 100.0 320,242 100.0 57,458 100.0
Less than 50 miles 160,066 45.9 225,502 70.4 4,260 7.4
50 to 99 miles 27,508 7.9 26,653 8.3 2,218 3.9
100 to 249 miles 18,200 5.2 21,443 6.7 4,475 7.8
250 to 499 miles 31,990 9.2 24,450 7.6 9,526 16.6
500 to 749 miles S S 3,225 1.0 2,379 4.1
750 to 999 miles 14,372 4.1 4,917 1.5 5,200 9.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 19,151 5.5 3,265 1.0 4,905 8.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 30,426 8.7 6,771 2.1 13,888 24.2
2,000 miles or more 25,752 7.4 4,015 1.3 10,606 18.5

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,476 100.0 11,660 100.0 7,507 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 386 11.1 560 4.8 989 13.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 636 18.3 1,196 10.3 2,837 37.8
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 32,449 100.0 41,725 100.0 1,162 100.0
Less than 50 miles 11,506 35.5 40,683 97.5 290 25.0
50 to 99 miles 536 1.7 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 524 1.6 S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 156 0.5 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 743 2.3 S S 14 1.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,650 5.1 13 34 3.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 4,816 14.8 22 52 4.5
2,000 miles or more 6,711 20.7 168 0.4 432 37.2

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 98,355 100.0 3,733 100.0 6,006 100.0
Less than 50 miles 20,687 21.0 462 12.4 14 0.2
50 to 99 miles 9,428 9.6 173 4.6 17 0.3
100 to 249 miles 4,391 4.5 118 3.2 25 0.4
250 to 499 miles 8,588 8.7 288 7.7 118 2.0
500 to 749 miles 4,447 4.5 97 2.6 79 1.3
750 to 999 miles 3,740 3.8 136 3.6 159 2.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 8,841 9.0 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 13,778 14.0 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 24,456 24.9 865 23.2 2,414 40.2

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 95,648 100.0 1,970 100.0 2,087 100.0
Less than 50 miles 20,669 21.6 457 23.2 14 0.7
50 to 99 miles 9,419 9.8 169 8.6 16 0.8
100 to 249 miles 4,391 4.6 118 6.0 25 1.2
250 to 499 miles 8,584 9.0 285 14.5 116 5.6
500 to 749 miles 4,420 4.6 71 3.6 54 2.6
750 to 999 miles 3,617 3.8 91 4.6 99 4.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 8,459 8.8 160 8.1 244 11.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 13,110 13.7 212 10.7 436 20.9
2,000 miles or more 22,980 24.0 408 20.7 1,082 51.9

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 123 4.5 45 2.5 60 1.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 22,199 100.0 6,918 100.0 1,922 100.0
Less than 50 miles 12,775 57.6 4,404 63.7 75 3.9
50 to 99 miles 812 3.7 889 12.9 65 3.4
100 to 249 miles S S 219 3.2 36 1.9
250 to 499 miles 1,544 7.0 550 8.0 210 10.9
500 to 749 miles 444 2.0 148 2.1 111 5.8
750 to 999 miles 865 3.9 120 1.7 128 6.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,583 7.1 133 1.9 194 10.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,905 8.6 164 2.4 329 17.1
2,000 miles or more 1,727 7.8 290 4.2 771 40.1

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.