Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 504,949 100.0 384,278 100.0 74,054 100.0 774
Less than 50 lbs 93,866 18.6 1,115 0.3 1,037 1.4 1,044
50 to 99 lbs 34,620 6.9 924 0.2 609 0.8 652
100 to 499 lbs 65,330 12.9 6,860 1.8 2,222 3.0 356
500 to 749 lbs 19,796 3.9 3,622 0.9 908 1.2 250
750 to 999 lbs 17,120 3.4 3,947 1.0 730 1.0 182
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 117,421 23.3 38,439 10.0 15,032 20.3 359
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 120,102 23.8 156,956 40.8 35,358 47.7 248
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 17,733 3.5 93,614 24.4 6,661 9.0 69
100,000 lbs or more 18,960 3.8 78,801 20.5 11,497 15.5 351

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 384,395 100.0 373,627 100.0 66,127 100.0 421
Less than 50 lbs 28,877 7.5 350 199 0.3 786
50 to 99 lbs S S 531 0.1 248 0.4 451
100 to 499 lbs 45,151 11.7 6,121 1.6 1,482 2.2 238
500 to 749 lbs 15,513 4.0 3,381 0.9 724 1.1 212
750 to 999 lbs 14,308 3.7 3,818 1.0 671 1.0 173
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 107,256 27.9 36,446 9.8 13,492 20.4 333
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 113,840 29.6 153,543 41.1 31,406 47.5 231
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 17,536 4.6 92,185 24.7 6,478 9.8 68
100,000 lbs or more 18,813 4.9 77,252 20.7 11,425 17.3 351

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 348,469 100.0 320,242 100.0 57,458 100.0 303
Less than 50 lbs 15,719 4.5 314 0.1 112 0.2 477
50 to 99 lbs S S 495 0.2 133 0.2 254
100 to 499 lbs 42,093 12.1 6,102 1.9 1,444 2.5 231
500 to 749 lbs 14,654 4.2 3,371 1.1 705 1.2 206
750 to 999 lbs 14,107 4.0 3,815 1.2 664 1.2 171
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 105,886 30.4 36,365 11.4 13,346 23.2 329
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 112,903 32.4 153,056 47.8 30,421 52.9 226
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 16,741 4.8 91,583 28.6 6,310 11.0 67
100,000 lbs or more 5,599 1.6 25,141 7.9 4,322 7.5 292

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 3,476 100.0 11,660 100.0 7,507 100.0 1,716
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,938
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,384
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 672
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,495
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 637 18.3 394 3.4 873 11.6 2,185
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,009
100,000 lbs or more S S 11,194 96.0 6,554 87.3 781

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 32,449 100.0 41,725 100.0 1,162 100.0 2,616
Less than 50 lbs 12,954 39.9 33 82 7.1 2,561
50 to 99 lbs 2,136 6.6 34 S S 3,302
100 to 499 lbs 2,970 9.2 17 36 3.1 2,120
500 to 749 lbs 859 2.6 9 19 1.6 2,231
750 to 999 lbs S S 3 7 0.6 2,374
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,361 4.2 72 0.2 132 11.4 1,860
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 93 0.2 112 9.7 983
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 199
100,000 lbs or more 10,957 33.8 40,918 98.1 S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 98,355 100.0 3,733 100.0 6,006 100.0 1,172
Less than 50 lbs 59,494 60.5 701 18.8 822 13.7 1,182
50 to 99 lbs 10,939 11.1 359 9.6 357 6.0 1,007
100 to 499 lbs 18,482 18.8 590 15.8 702 11.7 1,222
500 to 749 lbs 4,135 4.2 218 5.8 171 2.8 822
750 to 999 lbs 2,392 2.4 S S 59 1.0 533
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,342
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,189
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,625
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 95,648 100.0 1,970 100.0 2,087 100.0 1,170
Less than 50 lbs 59,491 62.2 701 35.6 821 39.4 1,182
50 to 99 lbs 10,937 11.4 359 18.2 357 17.1 1,005
100 to 499 lbs 18,437 19.3 587 29.8 694 33.2 1,217
500 to 749 lbs 4,119 4.3 214 10.8 163 7.8 802
750 to 999 lbs 2,380 2.5 S S 50 2.4 465
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 411
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 2,433
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 2,711
50 to 99 lbs S S 1 2,719
100 to 499 lbs 45 1.7 3 0.2 8 0.2 2,720
500 to 749 lbs 16 0.6 S S S S 1,841
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,318
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,515
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,189
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,625
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 22,199 100.0 6,918 100.0 1,922 100.0 427
Less than 50 lbs 5,495 24.8 63 0.9 16 0.8 452
50 to 99 lbs 579 2.6 33 0.5 3 0.2 S
100 to 499 lbs 1,697 7.6 148 2.1 S S 327
500 to 749 lbs 148 0.7 23 0.3 13 0.7 491
750 to 999 lbs S S S S 1 31
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 8,826 39.8 1,773 25.6 1,029 53.5 599
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 1,885 27.2 573 29.8 373
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 1,429 20.7 180 9.4 S
100,000 lbs or more 131 0.6 S S 69 3.6 322

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.