Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 504,949 100.0 384,278 100.0 74,054 100.0 774
Single modes 384,395 76.1 373,627 97.2 66,127 89.3 421
Truck2 348,469 69.0 320,242 83.3 57,458 77.6 303
Rail 3,476 0.7 11,660 3.0 7,507 10.1 1,716
All other Single modes 32,449 6.4 41,725 10.9 1,162 1.6 2,616
Multiple modes 98,355 19.5 3,733 1.0 6,006 8.1 1,172
Parcel, USPS or courier 95,648 18.9 1,970 0.5 2,087 2.8 1,170
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,433
Other and unknown modes 22,199 4.4 6,918 1.8 1,922 2.6 427

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 25,723 100.0 17,531 100.0 S S S
Single modes 25,283 98.3 17,390 99.2 S S S
Truck2 25,240 98.1 17,372 99.1 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,688
All other Single modes 43 0.2 S S S S 2,588
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,095
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,733
All other Multiple modes 60 0.2 S S S S 2,589
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 33,858 100.0 32,055 100.0 9,649 100.0 113
Single modes 32,504 96.0 30,710 95.8 7,054 73.1 102
Truck2 32,480 95.9 30,675 95.7 7,004 72.6 102
Rail S S S S S S 1,359
All other Single modes S S S S S S 2,564
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,740
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,312
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,158
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 312

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 789 100.0 59,217 100.0 6,305 100.0 46
Single modes 783 99.1 58,671 99.1 6,294 99.8 36
Truck2 736 93.3 52,208 88.2 2,697 42.8 33
Rail S S S S S S 696
All other Single modes S S S S S S 27
Multiple modes 3 0.4 S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier 3 0.4 S S S
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 60

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 29,825 100.0 104,041 100.0 5,932 100.0 183
Single modes 29,758 99.8 102,653 98.7 5,887 99.2 94
Truck2 17,049 57.2 60,466 58.1 5,193 87.5 92
Rail S S S S S S 270
All other Single modes 11,622 39.0 39,215 37.7 666 11.2 148
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,687
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,689
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,291
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 121

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 45,336 100.0 16,448 100.0 7,029 100.0 763
Single modes 29,446 65.0 15,827 96.2 6,497 92.4 308
Truck2 27,084 59.7 14,536 88.4 4,551 64.7 232
Rail 444 1.0 1,154 7.0 S S 1,859
All other Single modes S S S S S S 2,576
Multiple modes 14,429 31.8 241 1.5 313 4.4 1,127
Parcel, USPS or courier 14,268 31.5 200 1.2 197 2.8 1,126
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,742
Other and unknown modes 1,461 3.2 381 2.3 219 3.1 S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 55,930 100.0 14,345 100.0 4,745 100.0 1,088
Single modes 42,470 75.9 13,502 94.1 3,927 82.8 942
Truck2 41,902 74.9 12,705 88.6 3,446 72.6 902
Rail S S S S S S S
All other Single modes 187 0.3 10 22 0.5 2,787
Multiple modes 10,442 18.7 453 3.2 660 13.9 1,239
Parcel, USPS or courier 10,184 18.2 352 2.5 414 8.7 1,237
All other Multiple modes 259 0.5 101 0.7 246 5.2 2,653
Other and unknown modes 3,018 5.4 390 2.7 158 3.3 134

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 66,245 100.0 89,862 100.0 20,313 100.0 654
Single modes 53,135 80.2 86,730 96.5 18,411 90.6 357
Truck2 52,194 78.8 84,772 94.3 16,962 83.5 342
Rail 711 1.1 S S 1,421 7.0 1,109
All other Single modes 230 0.3 21 28 0.1 2,569
Multiple modes 9,853 14.9 658 0.7 1,161 5.7 1,130
Parcel, USPS or courier 9,039 13.6 400 0.4 553 2.7 1,125
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,645
Other and unknown modes 3,257 4.9 2,474 2.8 741 3.6 S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 150,981 100.0 12,072 100.0 4,504 100.0 1,156
Single modes 90,043 59.6 10,928 90.5 3,590 79.7 856
Truck2 74,252 49.2 10,839 89.8 3,404 75.6 347
Rail S S S S S S 1,700
All other Single modes 15,053 10.0 54 0.4 136 3.0 2,605
Multiple modes 50,670 33.6 621 5.1 577 12.8 1,278
Parcel, USPS or courier 50,592 33.5 612 5.1 554 12.3 1,278
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,636
Other and unknown modes 10,269 6.8 S S S S 1,136

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 94,163 100.0 37,816 100.0 8,688 100.0 710
Single modes 79,926 84.9 36,346 96.1 7,625 87.8 496
Truck2 76,551 81.3 36,262 95.9 7,410 85.3 259
Rail 60 13 23 0.3 2,394
All other Single modes 3,315 3.5 S S S S 2,684
Multiple modes 10,799 11.5 578 1.5 777 8.9 940
Parcel, USPS or courier 10,509 11.2 399 1.1 361 4.2 938
All other Multiple modes 290 0.3 S S S S 2,356
Other and unknown modes 3,438 3.7 S S S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S 85 100.0 591
Single modes 1,047 49.9 S S 77 90.6 313
Truck2 981 46.7 407 45.7 74 87.2 173
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 2,798
Multiple modes S S S S S S 900
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 0.3 3 3.7 900
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,349
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 318

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.