Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 44,955 100.0 34,856 100.0 5,868 100.0
Less than 50 miles 10,654 23.7 19,727 56.6 260 4.4
50 to 99 miles 3,863 8.6 2,701 7.7 248 4.2
100 to 249 miles 8,531 19.0 5,889 16.9 1,164 19.8
250 to 499 miles 12,641 28.1 4,331 12.4 1,786 30.4
500 to 749 miles 5,515 12.3 1,258 3.6 985 16.8
750 to 999 miles 1,264 2.8 389 1.1 382 6.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 888 2.0 248 0.7 349 5.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,571 3.5 311 0.9 688 11.7
2,000 miles or more 28 S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 39,643 100.0 34,301 100.0 5,633 100.0
Less than 50 miles 9,845 24.8 19,502 56.9 259 4.6
50 to 99 miles 3,316 8.4 2,640 7.7 242 4.3
100 to 249 miles 7,722 19.5 5,835 17.0 1,154 20.5
250 to 499 miles 11,496 29.0 4,290 12.5 1,768 31.4
500 to 749 miles 4,637 11.7 1,220 3.6 956 17.0
750 to 999 miles 800 2.0 301 0.9 295 5.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 627 1.6 225 0.7 318 5.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,178 3.0 287 0.8 638 11.3
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 37,381 100.0 32,461 100.0 4,731 100.0
Less than 50 miles 9,821 26.3 19,416 59.8 258 5.5
50 to 99 miles 3,266 8.7 2,543 7.8 227 4.8
100 to 249 miles 7,359 19.7 5,180 16.0 963 20.3
250 to 499 miles 10,921 29.2 3,630 11.2 1,480 31.3
500 to 749 miles 3,715 9.9 944 2.9 702 14.8
750 to 999 miles 775 2.1 298 0.9 292 6.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 612 1.6 223 0.7 316 6.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 906 2.4 226 0.7 491 10.4
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,920 100.0 768 100.0 533 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S 144 18.8 57 10.6
250 to 499 miles 496 25.8 185 24.1 76 14.2
500 to 749 miles 805 41.9 272 35.5 251 47.0
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 179 9.3 59 7.6 142 26.6
2,000 miles or more

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 342 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 79 23.2 S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S 4 0.3 3 0.8
750 to 999 miles 14 4.0 1 1 0.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 2 0.2 4 1.2
2,000 miles or more 15 4.5 S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 4,684 100.0 165 100.0 106 100.0
Less than 50 miles 533 11.4 19 11.5 0.3
50 to 99 miles 485 10.3 19 11.8 2 1.8
100 to 249 miles 775 16.5 24 14.3 4 4.2
250 to 499 miles 1,087 23.2 30 18.2 14 12.7
500 to 749 miles 835 17.8 35 21.0 27 25.0
750 to 999 miles S S 13 8.0 13 12.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 247 5.3 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 383 8.2 14 8.5 31 28.9
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 4,619 100.0 155 100.0 93 100.0
Less than 50 miles 533 11.5 19 12.2 0.4
50 to 99 miles 485 10.5 19 12.5 2 2.0
100 to 249 miles 775 16.8 24 15.3 4 4.8
250 to 499 miles 1,081 23.4 29 18.8 13 13.9
500 to 749 miles 815 17.6 31 19.9 23 25.1
750 to 999 miles S S 11 7.0 11 11.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 246 5.3 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 352 7.6 12 7.5 25 26.6
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 628 100.0 390 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 276 44.0 S S 1 0.9
50 to 99 miles 62 9.9 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 34 5.4 S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S 11 2.9 5 4.0
500 to 749 miles 44 7.0 4 1.0 3 2.3
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.