Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 44,955 100.0 34,856 100.0 5,868 100.0 502
Single modes 39,643 88.2 34,301 98.4 5,633 96.0 189
Truck2 37,381 83.2 32,461 93.1 4,731 80.6 135
Rail 1,920 4.3 768 2.2 533 9.1 738
All other Single modes 342 0.8 S S S S 1,142
Multiple modes 4,684 10.4 165 0.5 106 1.8 715
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,619 10.3 155 0.4 93 1.6 715
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,188
Other and unknown modes 628 1.4 390 1.1 S S 179

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 1,011 100.0 466 100.0 135 100.0 S
Single modes 1,008 99.8 465 99.8 135 100.0 S
Truck2 989 97.9 456 97.8 126 93.4 S
Rail 20 1.9 9 2.0 9 6.6 959
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 856
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 856
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 2,657 100.0 1,653 100.0 405 100.0 S
Single modes 2,644 99.5 1,648 99.7 398 98.4 S
Truck2 2,595 97.6 1,638 99.1 376 92.9 S
Rail 50 1.9 10 0.6 22 5.5 2,197
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 430
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 314
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,142
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 114 100.0 12,896 100.0 S S 59
Single modes 113 99.4 12,752 98.9 S S 59
Truck2 106 92.7 11,694 90.7 S S 59
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 338
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 1,577 100.0 5,497 100.0 82 100.0 11
Single modes 1,563 99.1 5,496 100.0 82 99.8 10
Truck2 1,563 99.1 5,496 100.0 82 99.8 10
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 101
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 101
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 15

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 7,717 100.0 4,867 100.0 1,443 100.0 376
Single modes 6,334 82.1 4,763 97.9 1,414 98.0 240
Truck2 6,010 77.9 4,557 93.6 1,335 92.6 207
Rail S S 206 4.2 S S 410
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,154
Multiple modes S S 39 0.8 20 1.4 528
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 34 0.7 14 0.9 528
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,715
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 4,457 100.0 1,093 100.0 382 100.0 851
Single modes 3,619 81.2 1,041 95.2 338 88.3 426
Truck2 3,479 78.1 1,034 94.6 329 86.1 185
Rail S S S S S S 1,165
All other Single modes S S 6 0.5 S S 1,352
Multiple modes 755 17.0 36 3.3 30 7.8 896
Parcel, USPS or courier 755 16.9 36 3.3 30 7.8 896
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1
Other and unknown modes 83 1.9 17 1.5 S S 119

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 7,089 100.0 2,891 100.0 1,238 100.0 247
Single modes 6,400 90.3 2,853 98.7 1,216 98.3 191
Truck2 4,994 70.4 2,397 82.9 821 66.4 163
Rail S S S S 394 31.8 850
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,142
Multiple modes 669 9.4 25 0.9 10 0.8 290
Parcel, USPS or courier 668 9.4 25 0.9 10 0.8 290
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,163
Other and unknown modes 21 0.3 S S S S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S 2,333 100.0 S S 419
Single modes S S 2,263 97.0 S S 209
Truck2 S S 2,173 93.2 S S 164
Rail S S S S S S 330
All other Single modes 29 0.2 S S S S 827
Multiple modes 903 7.0 16 0.7 12 1.9 606
Parcel, USPS or courier 876 6.8 15 0.6 9 1.5 605
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,393
Other and unknown modes 295 2.3 53 2.3 2 0.3 S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 7,431 100.0 3,135 100.0 634 100.0 597
Single modes 6,259 84.2 2,996 95.6 515 81.2 378
Truck2 6,183 83.2 2,993 95.5 512 80.8 230
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,080
Multiple modes S S S S S S 691
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 691
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 449

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S S S 187
Single modes S S S S S S 102
Truck2 S S S S S S 102
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 259
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 259
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 6

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.