Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 105,935 100.0 67,237 100.0 15,378 100.0
Less than 50 miles 11,789 11.1 S S 315 2.0
50 to 99 miles 3,351 3.2 5,533 8.2 485 3.2
100 to 249 miles 10,602 10.0 9,372 13.9 2,018 13.1
250 to 499 miles 22,938 21.7 11,394 16.9 5,929 38.6
500 to 749 miles 16,747 15.8 S S 2,655 17.3
750 to 999 miles 20,511 19.4 1,481 2.2 1,525 9.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 6,336 6.0 616 0.9 1,007 6.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 13,447 12.7 705 1.0 1,427 9.3
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 94,983 100.0 65,988 100.0 14,380 100.0
Less than 50 miles 11,096 11.7 S S 313 2.2
50 to 99 miles 3,231 3.4 5,331 8.1 469 3.3
100 to 249 miles 9,753 10.3 9,316 14.1 2,007 14.0
250 to 499 miles 20,865 22.0 11,260 17.1 5,870 40.8
500 to 749 miles 13,954 14.7 S S 2,454 17.1
750 to 999 miles 18,054 19.0 1,357 2.1 1,400 9.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 5,421 5.7 586 0.9 963 6.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 12,441 13.1 449 0.7 903 6.3
2,000 miles or more S S 1

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 77,767 100.0 39,046 100.0 7,108 100.0
Less than 50 miles 8,278 10.6 19,713 50.5 283 4.0
50 to 99 miles 3,224 4.1 5,306 13.6 466 6.6
100 to 249 miles 9,056 11.6 6,716 17.2 1,350 19.0
250 to 499 miles 14,879 19.1 4,096 10.5 1,837 25.9
500 to 749 miles 11,475 14.8 1,839 4.7 1,330 18.7
750 to 999 miles 16,332 21.0 756 1.9 749 10.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 4,756 6.1 245 0.6 347 4.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 9,767 12.6 375 1.0 746 10.5
2,000 miles or more

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,922 100.0 8,247 100.0 5,225 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 1,298 67.5 5,421 65.7 2,956 56.6
500 to 749 miles 109 5.6 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 207 10.8 598 7.3 649 12.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 44 2.3 73 0.9 154 2.9
2,000 miles or more

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 15,294 100.0 S S 2,047 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles 563 3.7 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 4,688 30.7 S S 1,077 52.6
500 to 749 miles 2,370 15.5 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 1,515 9.9 2 3 0.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 586 3.8 1 2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,630 17.2 1 3 0.1
2,000 miles or more S S 1

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 9,687 100.0 580 100.0 792 100.0
Less than 50 miles 297 3.1 4 0.8
50 to 99 miles 33 0.3 3 0.5
100 to 249 miles 705 7.3 22 3.7 5 0.6
250 to 499 miles 1,736 17.9 60 10.3 28 3.5
500 to 749 miles 2,623 27.1 123 21.3 105 13.3
750 to 999 miles 2,379 24.6 92 15.9 94 11.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 902 9.3 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 968 10.0 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 9,385 100.0 255 100.0 254 100.0
Less than 50 miles 297 3.2 4 1.7
50 to 99 miles 33 0.3 3 1.0 0.1
100 to 249 miles 705 7.5 22 8.5 5 1.8
250 to 499 miles 1,702 18.1 40 15.7 18 7.3
500 to 749 miles 2,549 27.2 45 17.7 32 12.6
750 to 999 miles 2,361 25.2 71 27.8 74 29.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 902 9.6 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 797 8.5 45 17.6 87 34.1
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 301 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S 78 24.1 73 13.5
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,265 100.0 669 100.0 206 100.0
Less than 50 miles 396 31.3 S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 337 26.7 74 11.1 31 14.9
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.