Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 83,857 100.0 77,100 100.0 11,774 100.0
Less than 50 miles 42,802 51.0 52,452 68.0 937 8.0
50 to 99 miles 3,516 4.2 6,562 8.5 530 4.5
100 to 249 miles 6,721 8.0 9,111 11.8 1,644 14.0
250 to 499 miles 1,691 2.0 2,477 3.2 982 8.3
500 to 749 miles 3,690 4.4 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 4,563 5.4 766 1.0 847 7.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 14,618 17.4 2,288 3.0 3,159 26.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 675 0.8 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 5,582 6.7 461 0.6 1,350 11.5

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 69,851 100.0 72,549 100.0 11,241 100.0
Less than 50 miles 39,330 56.3 49,013 67.6 909 8.1
50 to 99 miles 3,175 4.5 5,883 8.1 488 4.3
100 to 249 miles 5,662 8.1 8,987 12.4 1,620 14.4
250 to 499 miles 1,539 2.2 2,463 3.4 975 8.7
500 to 749 miles 2,724 3.9 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 3,317 4.7 741 1.0 820 7.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 9,616 13.8 2,080 2.9 2,865 25.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 374 0.5 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 4,115 5.9 435 0.6 1,274 11.3

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 64,794 100.0 68,366 100.0 8,782 100.0
Less than 50 miles 39,322 60.7 48,893 71.5 908 10.3
50 to 99 miles 3,169 4.9 5,775 8.4 480 5.5
100 to 249 miles 4,264 6.6 7,918 11.6 1,407 16.0
250 to 499 miles 1,384 2.1 1,705 2.5 685 7.8
500 to 749 miles 2,331 3.6 1,101 1.6 811 9.2
750 to 999 miles 2,681 4.1 691 1.0 753 8.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 7,548 11.6 1,805 2.6 2,397 27.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 308 0.5 74 0.1 160 1.8
2,000 miles or more 3,787 5.8 405 0.6 1,180 13.4

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 4,717 100.0 S S 218 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 192 4.1 2 0.7 2 0.9
750 to 999 miles S S 15 6.0 21 9.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,025 42.9 37 14.4 61 27.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 10,875 100.0 290 100.0 333 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,806 16.6 42 14.4 1 0.3
50 to 99 miles 313 2.9 5 1.9 1 0.2
100 to 249 miles 783 7.2 18 6.1 4 1.1
250 to 499 miles 150 1.4 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 816 7.5 16 5.4 11 3.4
750 to 999 miles 1,206 11.1 20 7.1 22 6.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 4,069 37.4 146 50.2 205 61.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 298 2.7 5 1.8 11 3.5
2,000 miles or more 1,434 13.2 25 8.5 71 21.2

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 10,771 100.0 197 100.0 204 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,781 16.5 40 20.5 1 0.4
50 to 99 miles 312 2.9 5 2.7 1 0.3
100 to 249 miles 783 7.3 18 9.0 4 1.8
250 to 499 miles 139 1.3 6 2.8 2 1.1
500 to 749 miles 816 7.6 16 7.9 11 5.6
750 to 999 miles 1,206 11.2 20 10.4 22 10.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 4,030 37.4 64 32.3 87 42.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 298 2.8 5 2.7 11 5.6
2,000 miles or more 1,406 13.1 23 11.6 65 31.7

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 104 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,131 100.0 4,261 100.0 200 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,666 53.2 3,397 79.7 27 13.6
50 to 99 miles 27 0.9 S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 40 1.3 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S 2 5 2.7

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.