Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 83,857 100.0 77,100 100.0 11,774 100.0 688
Less than 50 lbs 13,935 16.6 307 0.4 177 1.5 869
50 to 99 lbs 3,571 4.3 176 0.2 69 0.6 394
100 to 499 lbs 13,169 15.7 1,215 1.6 287 2.4 244
500 to 749 lbs 4,675 5.6 648 0.8 120 1.0 180
750 to 999 lbs 2,567 3.1 428 0.6 105 0.9 243
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 21,913 26.1 7,229 9.4 1,552 13.2 219
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 16,438 19.6 30,903 40.1 5,303 45.0 192
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 6,327 7.5 18,915 24.5 998 8.5 51
100,000 lbs or more 1,264 1.5 17,280 22.4 3,163 26.9 278

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 69,851 100.0 72,549 100.0 11,241 100.0 322
Less than 50 lbs 4,727 6.8 174 0.2 54 0.5 436
50 to 99 lbs 2,423 3.5 123 0.2 32 0.3 249
100 to 499 lbs 11,895 17.0 1,128 1.6 245 2.2 218
500 to 749 lbs 4,514 6.5 628 0.9 114 1.0 176
750 to 999 lbs 2,448 3.5 422 0.6 104 0.9 245
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 20,731 29.7 7,031 9.7 1,494 13.3 215
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 15,579 22.3 29,936 41.3 5,128 45.6 191
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 6,299 9.0 18,756 25.9 993 8.8 51
100,000 lbs or more 1,233 1.8 14,352 19.8 3,078 27.4 363

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 64,794 100.0 68,366 100.0 8,782 100.0 257
Less than 50 lbs 3,815 5.9 167 0.2 42 0.5 327
50 to 99 lbs 1,920 3.0 120 0.2 27 0.3 215
100 to 499 lbs 10,940 16.9 1,111 1.6 220 2.5 197
500 to 749 lbs 4,273 6.6 622 0.9 106 1.2 166
750 to 999 lbs 2,132 3.3 414 0.6 93 1.1 221
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 19,726 30.4 6,992 10.2 1,460 16.6 211
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 14,864 22.9 29,872 43.7 5,051 57.5 185
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 6,275 9.7 18,683 27.3 889 10.1 48
100,000 lbs or more 849 1.3 10,384 15.2 893 10.2 145

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1,325
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,405
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,494
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,304
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,721
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,625
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 579

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 4,717 100.0 S S 218 100.0 1,691
Less than 50 lbs 878 18.6 5 1.9 8 3.8 1,735
50 to 99 lbs S S 3 1.1 5 2.1 1,571
100 to 499 lbs 954 20.2 16 6.4 25 11.4 1,570
500 to 749 lbs 239 5.1 6 2.4 7 3.3 1,199
750 to 999 lbs S S S S 11 5.2 1,531
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S 35 15.9 927
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,561
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 522
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 489

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 10,875 100.0 290 100.0 333 100.0 1,205
Less than 50 lbs 8,712 80.1 108 37.0 122 36.7 1,212
50 to 99 lbs 790 7.3 32 10.9 37 11.2 1,200
100 to 499 lbs 1,078 9.9 50 17.4 39 11.8 804
500 to 749 lbs 86 0.8 4 1.4 5 1.4 1,089
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 339
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,369
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,195
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,858

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 10,771 100.0 197 100.0 204 100.0 1,205
Less than 50 lbs 8,711 80.9 108 54.6 122 59.8 1,212
50 to 99 lbs 790 7.3 32 16.0 37 18.2 1,200
100 to 499 lbs 1,069 9.9 50 25.6 38 18.8 798
500 to 749 lbs 82 0.8 4 2.0 4 2.0 1,030
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 338
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,174
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 104 100.0 S S S S 1,826
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 144
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 6,926
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 3,056
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 472
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,629
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,195
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,858

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 3,131 100.0 4,261 100.0 200 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs 496 15.8 S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S S
100 to 499 lbs 196 6.2 S S 2 1.1 S
500 to 749 lbs 75 2.4 16 0.4 S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 195 4.6 51 25.7 S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 898 21.1 93 46.6 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 33
100,000 lbs or more 21 0.7 2,906 68.2 S S 15

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.