Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 83,857 100.0 77,100 100.0 11,774 100.0 688
Single modes 69,851 83.3 72,549 94.1 11,241 95.5 322
Truck2 64,794 77.3 68,366 88.7 8,782 74.6 257
Rail S S S S S S 1,325
All other Single modes 4,717 5.6 S S 218 1.9 1,691
Multiple modes 10,875 13.0 290 0.4 333 2.8 1,205
Parcel, USPS or courier 10,771 12.8 197 0.3 204 1.7 1,205
All other Multiple modes 104 0.1 S S S S 1,826
Other and unknown modes 3,131 3.7 4,261 5.5 200 1.7 S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 5,694 100.0 2,028 100.0 1,438 100.0 511
Single modes 5,645 99.1 1,940 95.7 1,436 99.8 525
Truck2 5,108 89.7 1,932 95.3 1,421 98.9 488
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,861
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,179
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,114
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 7,002
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 7,880 100.0 6,936 100.0 1,153 100.0 203
Single modes 7,805 99.1 6,899 99.5 1,140 98.9 77
Truck2 7,782 98.8 6,897 99.4 1,139 98.8 59
Rail S S S S S S 41
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,519
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,654
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,654
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 484
Other and unknown modes 48 0.6 S S S S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 165 100.0 19,731 100.0 771 100.0 26
Single modes 145 87.8 16,718 84.7 723 93.8 25
Truck2 140 84.8 15,509 78.6 516 66.9 20
Rail S S S S S S 165
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 668
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 668
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 20 12.2 3,013 15.3 S S 20

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 5,175 100.0 18,004 100.0 568 100.0 24
Single modes 5,144 99.4 17,936 99.6 566 99.6 24
Truck2 5,144 99.4 17,936 99.6 566 99.6 24
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 909
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 909
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 35

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 8,884 100.0 1,758 100.0 536 100.0 1,048
Single modes 6,811 76.7 1,704 96.9 479 89.4 490
Truck2 6,531 73.5 1,698 96.6 468 87.4 459
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,694
Multiple modes 1,906 21.5 42 2.4 51 9.5 1,343
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,893 21.3 41 2.4 50 9.4 1,343
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 5,336
Other and unknown modes S S 12 0.7 S S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 6,337 100.0 3,149 100.0 1,230 100.0 953
Single modes 4,943 78.0 3,078 97.7 1,154 93.8 625
Truck2 4,844 76.4 3,067 97.4 1,135 92.2 559
Rail S S S S S S 1,405
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,810
Multiple modes 1,179 18.6 53 1.7 S S 1,306
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,169 18.5 31 1.0 32 2.6 1,306
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,858
Other and unknown modes S S 19 0.6 4 0.3 S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 8,398 100.0 16,508 100.0 2,247 100.0 325
Single modes 7,301 86.9 15,638 94.7 2,200 97.9 130
Truck2 6,965 82.9 14,917 90.4 1,826 81.2 111
Rail S S S S S S 522
All other Single modes 300 3.6 2 3 0.1 1,649
Multiple modes 700 8.3 17 0.1 14 0.6 1,018
Parcel, USPS or courier 699 8.3 17 0.1 14 0.6 1,018
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 144
Other and unknown modes 398 4.7 S S 33 1.5 S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 27,465 100.0 2,306 100.0 1,266 100.0 830
Single modes 19,670 71.6 2,071 89.8 1,088 85.9 420
Truck2 16,399 59.7 1,970 85.4 982 77.5 243
Rail S S S S S S 1,276
All other Single modes 3,249 11.8 S S 107 8.4 1,674
Multiple modes 5,986 21.8 84 3.7 96 7.6 1,150
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,947 21.7 82 3.6 91 7.2 1,150
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,797
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 13,785 100.0 6,637 100.0 S S 337
Single modes 12,343 89.5 6,523 98.3 S S 160
Truck2 11,838 85.9 4,398 66.3 727 28.4 114
Rail S S S S S S 894
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,724
Multiple modes 1,041 7.6 S S S S 855
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,013 7.3 24 0.4 15 0.6 855
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,284
Other and unknown modes 400 2.9 29 0.4 S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 75 100.0 S S S S 748
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck2 S S S S S S S
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 2,383
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,064
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,064
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.