Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 64,826 100.0 54,678 100.0 13,223 100.0
Less than 50 miles 17,934 27.7 29,066 53.2 542 4.1
50 to 99 miles 9,800 15.1 8,761 16.0 733 5.5
100 to 249 miles 8,587 13.2 3,948 7.2 811 6.1
250 to 499 miles 10,104 15.6 4,821 8.8 2,026 15.3
500 to 749 miles 8,450 13.0 4,372 8.0 3,674 27.8
750 to 999 miles 4,184 6.5 2,051 3.8 2,168 16.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,280 3.5 459 0.8 645 4.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,469 5.4 1,199 2.2 2,616 19.8
2,000 miles or more 18 S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 56,929 100.0 53,440 100.0 11,791 100.0
Less than 50 miles 16,773 29.5 28,964 54.2 539 4.6
50 to 99 miles 9,134 16.0 8,719 16.3 727 6.2
100 to 249 miles 7,716 13.6 3,914 7.3 803 6.8
250 to 499 miles 9,307 16.3 4,762 8.9 2,001 17.0
500 to 749 miles 6,829 12.0 3,903 7.3 3,277 27.8
750 to 999 miles 2,968 5.2 1,872 3.5 1,966 16.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,816 3.2 409 0.8 572 4.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,384 4.2 895 1.7 1,906 16.2
2,000 miles or more S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 55,191 100.0 48,343 100.0 8,717 100.0
Less than 50 miles 16,738 30.3 28,065 58.1 510 5.9
50 to 99 miles 9,076 16.4 7,666 15.9 624 7.2
100 to 249 miles 7,577 13.7 3,422 7.1 708 8.1
250 to 499 miles 8,714 15.8 4,422 9.1 1,837 21.1
500 to 749 miles 6,510 11.8 2,908 6.0 2,277 26.1
750 to 999 miles 2,583 4.7 785 1.6 795 9.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,716 3.1 396 0.8 553 6.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,275 4.1 677 1.4 1,413 16.2
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 996 100.0 5,063 100.0 3,035 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 60 6.0 488 9.6 93 3.1
250 to 499 miles 318 31.9 320 6.3 S S
500 to 749 miles 157 15.8 992 19.6 997 32.9
750 to 999 miles 311 31.2 1,085 21.4 1,169 38.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 35 3.6 S S S S
2,000 miles or more

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 742 100.0 S S 39 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles 18 2.4 1 1.5 0.8
100 to 249 miles 79 10.7 4 11.3 2 5.8
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 161 21.7 3 8.6 3 7.6
750 to 999 miles 74 9.9 2 5.0 2 5.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 60 8.1 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 73 9.9 2 6.7 6 14.8
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 6,557 100.0 1,081 100.0 1,335 100.0
Less than 50 miles 699 10.7 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 572 8.7 29 2.7 3 0.3
100 to 249 miles 855 13.0 24 2.2 7 0.5
250 to 499 miles 717 10.9 31 2.9 14 1.1
500 to 749 miles 1,385 21.1 457 42.3 388 29.0
750 to 999 miles 1,040 15.9 168 15.6 S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 428 6.5 30 2.8 45 3.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 845 12.9 287 26.5 676 50.6
2,000 miles or more 16 0.2 S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 5,159 100.0 170 100.0 117 100.0
Less than 50 miles 688 13.3 15 9.1 0.3
50 to 99 miles 571 11.1 20 11.8 S S
100 to 249 miles 855 16.6 24 14.1 7 5.7
250 to 499 miles 655 12.7 26 15.2 11 9.8
500 to 749 miles 823 15.9 32 19.1 26 22.5
750 to 999 miles 820 15.9 31 18.4 33 27.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 372 7.2 13 7.5 19 15.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 366 7.1 7 4.3 15 13.1
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,398 100.0 912 100.0 1,218 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S 5 0.6 3 0.2
500 to 749 miles 562 40.2 425 46.6 361 29.7
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 57 4.0 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 480 34.3 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,340 100.0 158 100.0 97 100.0
Less than 50 miles 462 34.5 50 31.8 1 0.9
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 79 5.9 S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 175 13.1 10 6.6 10 10.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.