Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 64,826 100.0 54,678 100.0 13,223 100.0 316
Less than 50 lbs 4,351 6.7 102 0.2 34 0.3 360
50 to 99 lbs 1,843 2.8 97 0.2 26 0.2 258
100 to 499 lbs 5,977 9.2 631 1.2 174 1.3 288
500 to 749 lbs 1,836 2.8 310 0.6 85 0.6 282
750 to 999 lbs 1,240 1.9 236 0.4 65 0.5 272
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 16,472 25.4 5,832 10.7 1,486 11.2 244
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 29,485 45.5 31,565 57.7 7,375 55.8 253
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,048 3.2 S S 842 6.4 S
100,000 lbs or more 1,574 2.4 7,714 14.1 3,136 23.7 591

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 56,929 100.0 53,440 100.0 11,791 100.0 171
Less than 50 lbs 1,409 2.5 50 7 S
50 to 99 lbs 926 1.6 64 0.1 7 S
100 to 499 lbs 4,605 8.1 540 1.0 115 1.0 199
500 to 749 lbs 1,727 3.0 297 0.6 78 0.7 270
750 to 999 lbs 1,178 2.1 230 0.4 61 0.5 264
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 15,656 27.5 5,745 10.8 1,416 12.0 236
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 27,922 49.0 30,715 57.5 6,271 53.2 225
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,970 3.5 S S 838 7.1 S
100,000 lbs or more 1,538 2.7 7,615 14.3 2,998 25.4 575

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 55,191 100.0 48,343 100.0 8,717 100.0 159
Less than 50 lbs 1,312 2.4 49 0.1 6 S
50 to 99 lbs 888 1.6 63 0.1 6 S
100 to 499 lbs 4,451 8.1 536 1.1 109 1.3 188
500 to 749 lbs 1,633 3.0 296 0.6 77 0.9 267
750 to 999 lbs 1,166 2.1 230 0.5 61 0.7 261
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 15,491 28.1 5,726 11.8 1,394 16.0 233
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 27,560 49.9 30,637 63.4 6,215 71.3 224
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,755 3.2 S S 770 8.8 S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S 79 0.9 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 996 100.0 5,063 100.0 3,035 100.0 639
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,054
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,040
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 631
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 215 21.5 131 2.6 68 2.2 518
100,000 lbs or more 602 60.4 4,862 96.0 2,919 96.2 617

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 742 100.0 S S 39 100.0 1,279
Less than 50 lbs 97 13.1 1 2.3 1 2.5 1,286
50 to 99 lbs S S 1 2.1 1 2.2 1,144
100 to 499 lbs 153 20.7 4 13.0 6 15.0 1,355
500 to 749 lbs 94 12.7 1 3.1 1 3.0 1,099
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,393
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 129 17.5 8 22.9 9 23.4 1,209
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,147
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 6,557 100.0 1,081 100.0 1,335 100.0 659
Less than 50 lbs 2,728 41.6 44 4.0 26 2.0 646
50 to 99 lbs 854 13.0 28 2.6 19 1.4 651
100 to 499 lbs 1,310 20.0 S S S S 751
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 719
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 691
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 12 1.1 13 1.0 1,289
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,288 19.6 801 74.0 1,070 80.1 1,408
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 71
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,590

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 5,159 100.0 170 100.0 117 100.0 655
Less than 50 lbs 2,728 52.9 44 25.7 26 22.6 645
50 to 99 lbs 854 16.5 28 16.3 19 16.1 651
100 to 499 lbs 1,310 25.4 S S S S 751
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 719
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 691
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,151
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 1,398 100.0 912 100.0 1,218 100.0 1,505
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 4,802
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,471
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,288 92.2 801 87.8 1,070 87.8 1,408
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 71
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,590

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 1,340 100.0 158 100.0 97 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs 215 16.0 8 5.2 S S 25
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 55
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 630 47.0 76 48.0 57 58.7 705
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 50 31.7 S S 847
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 865
100,000 lbs or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.