Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

Excel | CSV

All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 64,826 100.0 54,678 100.0 13,223 100.0 316
Single modes 56,929 87.8 53,440 97.7 11,791 89.2 171
Truck2 55,191 85.1 48,343 88.4 8,717 65.9 159
Rail 996 1.5 5,063 9.3 3,035 23.0 639
All other Single modes 742 1.1 S S 39 0.3 1,279
Multiple modes 6,557 10.1 1,081 2.0 1,335 10.1 659
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,159 8.0 170 0.3 117 0.9 655
All other Multiple modes 1,398 2.2 912 1.7 1,218 9.2 1,505
Other and unknown modes 1,340 2.1 158 0.3 97 0.7 S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 4,198 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 4,186 99.7 S S S S S
Truck2 4,186 99.7 S S S S S
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,987
Multiple modes S S S S S S 868
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 868
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 6,334 100.0 6,603 100.0 1,879 100.0 307
Single modes 6,183 97.6 6,554 99.3 1,816 96.7 S
Truck2 6,176 97.5 6,549 99.2 1,811 96.4 S
Rail S S S S S S S
All other Single modes
Multiple modes 127 2.0 27 0.4 54 2.9 1,003
Parcel, USPS or courier 26 0.4 2 2 1,001
All other Multiple modes 100 1.6 25 0.4 52 2.8 2,073
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 379

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 87 100.0 17,114 100.0 378 100.0 30
Single modes 87 100.0 17,114 100.0 378 100.0 30
Truck2 83 95.2 15,533 90.8 259 68.5 29
Rail S S S S S S 77
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 109
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 109
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 66

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 1,508 100.0 6,270 100.0 3,456 100.0 S
Single modes 1,481 98.2 6,211 99.1 3,320 96.1 S
Truck2 1,142 75.7 3,430 54.7 763 22.1 S
Rail 335 22.2 2,780 44.3 2,556 74.0 915
All other Single modes S S S S S S 679
Multiple modes S S S S S S 888
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 846
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,386
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 6,945 100.0 4,530 100.0 2,373 100.0 332
Single modes 5,202 74.9 3,782 83.5 1,421 59.9 195
Truck2 5,182 74.6 3,781 83.5 1,420 59.8 190
Rail
All other Single modes S S 1 S S 841
Multiple modes 1,698 24.4 741 16.4 952 40.1 546
Parcel, USPS or courier 819 11.8 16 0.4 9 0.4 515
All other Multiple modes 878 12.6 725 16.0 943 39.7 1,365
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 18

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 4,926 100.0 2,115 100.0 381 100.0 509
Single modes 4,122 83.7 2,049 96.9 311 81.7 266
Truck2 4,115 83.5 2,047 96.8 310 81.3 259
Rail S S S S S S 931
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,225
Multiple modes 511 10.4 31 1.5 33 8.6 808
Parcel, USPS or courier 469 9.5 21 1.0 15 3.8 803
All other Multiple modes 42 0.8 S S S S 3,321
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 13,507 100.0 6,300 100.0 1,926 100.0 184
Single modes 12,613 93.4 6,199 98.4 1,879 97.5 160
Truck2 11,710 86.7 5,488 87.1 1,507 78.3 149
Rail 601 4.5 689 10.9 348 18.1 663
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,387
Multiple modes 704 5.2 S S 15 0.8 326
Parcel, USPS or courier 699 5.2 17 0.3 8 0.4 326
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,229
Other and unknown modes 190 1.4 S S S S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 13,058 100.0 1,323 100.0 817 100.0 510
Single modes 10,281 78.7 1,211 91.6 725 88.7 263
Truck2 9,942 76.1 1,196 90.4 709 86.7 229
Rail 48 0.4 7 0.6 S S 910
All other Single modes 291 2.2 8 0.6 10 1.2 1,216
Multiple modes 2,251 17.2 S S S S 804
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,174 16.6 S S S S 804
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,058
Other and unknown modes 526 4.0 21 1.6 14 1.8 S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 14,059 100.0 3,242 100.0 632 100.0 265
Single modes 12,577 89.5 3,140 96.8 562 88.9 173
Truck2 12,459 88.6 3,137 96.8 558 88.3 162
Rail
All other Single modes 118 0.8 3 4 0.6 1,403
Multiple modes 1,238 8.8 72 2.2 S S 460
Parcel, USPS or courier 952 6.8 34 1.0 18 2.9 459
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,325
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S S S 380
Single modes S S S S S S 447
Truck2 S S S S S S 325
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,724
Multiple modes S S S S S S 945
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 945
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.