Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 118,297 100.0 171,270 100.0 52,836 100.0
Less than 50 miles 42,515 35.9 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 8,375 7.1 7,136 4.2 620 1.2
100 to 249 miles 10,639 9.0 6,882 4.0 1,394 2.6
250 to 499 miles 14,642 12.4 5,281 3.1 2,277 4.3
500 to 749 miles 10,193 8.6 7,342 4.3 7,367 13.9
750 to 999 miles 11,340 9.6 3,972 2.3 4,506 8.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 15,792 13.3 19,683 11.5 32,457 61.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 4,471 3.8 686 0.4 1,398 2.6
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 89,044 100.0 167,063 100.0 49,963 100.0
Less than 50 miles 35,363 39.7 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 6,640 7.5 7,022 4.2 610 1.2
100 to 249 miles 7,434 8.3 6,584 3.9 1,290 2.6
250 to 499 miles 11,475 12.9 5,077 3.0 2,172 4.3
500 to 749 miles 6,690 7.5 5,569 3.3 5,825 11.7
750 to 999 miles 7,717 8.7 3,786 2.3 4,285 8.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 10,960 12.3 19,390 11.6 32,023 64.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,730 3.1 601 0.4 1,216 2.4
2,000 miles or more 35 S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 79,858 100.0 S S 14,841 100.0
Less than 50 miles 34,515 43.2 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 6,636 8.3 7,007 5.1 608 4.1
100 to 249 miles 7,347 9.2 6,507 4.8 1,267 8.5
250 to 499 miles 9,615 12.0 4,598 3.4 1,946 13.1
500 to 749 miles 5,841 7.3 2,408 1.8 1,844 12.4
750 to 999 miles 6,123 7.7 2,610 1.9 2,884 19.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 7,588 9.5 2,061 1.5 2,994 20.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,191 2.7 450 0.3 881 5.9
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 899 100.0 2,916 100.0 3,032 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 14 1.6 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 117 13.0 357 12.2 165 5.4
500 to 749 miles 100 11.1 555 19.0 412 13.6
750 to 999 miles 230 25.6 714 24.5 848 28.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 339 37.7 840 28.8 1,244 41.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 45 5.1 149 5.1 330 10.9
2,000 miles or more

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 8,287 100.0 27,311 100.0 32,090 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 7,626 27.9 111 0.3
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 72 0.9 1
250 to 499 miles 1,744 21.0 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 749 9.0 2,606 9.5 3,569 11.1
750 to 999 miles 1,364 16.5 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,033 36.6 16,490 60.4 27,785 86.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 493 6.0 2 5
2,000 miles or more 34 0.4 S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 25,758 100.0 1,049 100.0 1,140 100.0
Less than 50 miles 5,278 20.5 174 16.6 4 0.3
50 to 99 miles 1,487 5.8 55 5.2 5 0.4
100 to 249 miles 2,931 11.4 130 12.4 S S
250 to 499 miles 2,846 11.0 116 11.0 69 6.0
500 to 749 miles 3,379 13.1 141 13.4 S S
750 to 999 miles 3,419 13.3 86 8.2 94 8.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 4,410 17.1 229 21.8 347 30.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,712 6.6 73 7.0 158 13.9
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 25,358 100.0 723 100.0 479 100.0
Less than 50 miles 5,276 20.8 173 23.9 4 0.8
50 to 99 miles 1,487 5.9 55 7.6 5 1.0
100 to 249 miles 2,926 11.5 86 11.9 17 3.6
250 to 499 miles 2,843 11.2 80 11.0 34 7.1
500 to 749 miles 3,378 13.3 86 11.9 67 13.9
750 to 999 miles 3,419 13.5 86 11.8 94 19.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 4,267 16.8 119 16.4 177 36.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,704 6.7 39 5.3 77 16.1
2,000 miles or more 58 0.2 1 0.2 4 0.8

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S 326 100.0 661 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,495 100.0 3,158 100.0 1,732 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,875 53.6 1,034 32.7 23 1.3
50 to 99 miles 248 7.1 60 1.9 5 0.3
100 to 249 miles S S 168 5.3 38 2.2
250 to 499 miles 321 9.2 88 2.8 36 2.1
500 to 749 miles 123 3.5 1,631 51.7 1,394 80.4
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 422 12.1 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.