Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 118,297 100.0 171,270 100.0 52,836 100.0 605
Less than 50 lbs 24,167 20.4 517 0.3 319 0.6 705
50 to 99 lbs 7,223 6.1 259 0.2 102 0.2 415
100 to 499 lbs 16,764 14.2 1,447 0.8 354 0.7 269
500 to 749 lbs 4,629 3.9 655 0.4 149 0.3 231
750 to 999 lbs 3,093 2.6 560 0.3 160 0.3 290
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 19,637 16.6 8,373 4.9 1,992 3.8 263
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 36,237 30.6 S S 11,446 21.7 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,752 2.3 13,483 7.9 1,072 2.0 73
100,000 lbs or more 3,795 3.2 41,671 24.3 37,241 70.5 461

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 89,044 100.0 167,063 100.0 49,963 100.0 196
Less than 50 lbs 7,382 8.3 180 0.1 44 S
50 to 99 lbs 2,442 2.7 122 33 285
100 to 499 lbs 12,202 13.7 1,192 0.7 240 0.5 209
500 to 749 lbs 4,440 5.0 608 0.4 136 0.3 227
750 to 999 lbs 2,918 3.3 511 0.3 139 0.3 277
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 18,237 20.5 8,106 4.9 1,797 3.6 251
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 34,986 39.3 S S 11,008 22.0 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,743 3.1 13,300 8.0 930 1.9 67
100,000 lbs or more 3,694 4.1 39,628 23.7 35,636 71.3 456

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 79,858 100.0 S S 14,841 100.0 151
Less than 50 lbs 4,604 5.8 171 0.1 31 0.2 S
50 to 99 lbs 2,114 2.6 119 28 0.2 240
100 to 499 lbs 10,486 13.1 1,182 0.9 226 1.5 197
500 to 749 lbs 3,813 4.8 606 0.4 133 0.9 224
750 to 999 lbs 2,872 3.6 510 0.4 138 0.9 274
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 18,028 22.6 8,098 5.9 1,788 12.1 250
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 34,733 43.5 S S 10,878 73.3 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,723 3.4 13,192 9.6 872 5.9 65
100,000 lbs or more 486 0.6 S S 746 5.0 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 899 100.0 2,916 100.0 3,032 100.0 724
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 2,262
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,434
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 209 23.3 119 4.1 128 4.2 1,288
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 20 2.2 49 1.7 55 1.8 1,037
100,000 lbs or more 661 73.5 2,746 94.2 2,847 93.9 1,085

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 8,287 100.0 27,311 100.0 32,090 100.0 1,479
Less than 50 lbs 2,775 33.5 9 S S 1,486
50 to 99 lbs 328 4.0 4 6 1,540
100 to 499 lbs 1,714 20.7 10 14 1,438
500 to 749 lbs S S 2 2 1,022
750 to 999 lbs S S 1 S S 1,375
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 205 2.5 7 S S 1,165
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more 2,547 30.7 27,181 99.5 32,043 99.9 1,159

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 25,758 100.0 1,049 100.0 1,140 100.0 919
Less than 50 lbs 16,340 63.4 326 31.1 275 24.1 946
50 to 99 lbs 4,561 17.7 123 11.7 68 6.0 561
100 to 499 lbs 4,207 16.3 211 20.2 108 9.4 540
500 to 749 lbs 121 0.5 S S S S 366
750 to 999 lbs 134 0.5 S S S S 601
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 9,846
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,333
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,510
100,000 lbs or more S S 168 16.0 238 20.9 1,846

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 25,358 100.0 723 100.0 479 100.0 919
Less than 50 lbs 16,340 64.4 326 45.1 275 57.3 946
50 to 99 lbs 4,561 18.0 123 17.0 68 14.2 561
100 to 499 lbs 4,202 16.6 211 29.2 107 22.3 537
500 to 749 lbs 121 0.5 S S S S 366
750 to 999 lbs 134 0.5 S S S S 601
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 16
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes S S 326 100.0 661 100.0 3,160
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 2
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 3,590
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 10,415
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,333
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,510
100,000 lbs or more S S 168 51.5 238 36.0 1,846

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 3,495 100.0 3,158 100.0 1,732 100.0 84
Less than 50 lbs 444 12.7 10 0.3 1 55
50 to 99 lbs 220 6.3 13 0.4 1 S
100 to 499 lbs 355 10.2 44 1.4 6 0.4 147
500 to 749 lbs 68 1.9 17 0.5 S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S 2 0.1 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,168 33.4 S S S S 358
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 762 24.1 133 7.7 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 615
100,000 lbs or more 90 2.6 1,876 59.4 S S 452

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.