Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 60,864 100.0 50,617 100.0 7,362 100.0
Less than 50 miles 10,897 17.9 33,465 66.1 502 6.8
50 to 99 miles 3,428 5.6 5,389 10.6 524 7.1
100 to 249 miles 9,486 15.6 4,964 9.8 949 12.9
250 to 499 miles 14,110 23.2 3,468 6.9 1,595 21.7
500 to 749 miles 9,507 15.6 1,677 3.3 1,258 17.1
750 to 999 miles 7,398 12.2 871 1.7 937 12.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,490 2.4 126 0.2 182 2.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 4,432 7.3 650 1.3 1,390 18.9
2,000 miles or more 115 0.2 S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 48,739 100.0 49,923 100.0 6,906 100.0
Less than 50 miles 9,583 19.7 33,238 66.6 500 7.2
50 to 99 miles 2,712 5.6 5,330 10.7 519 7.5
100 to 249 miles 8,476 17.4 4,919 9.9 939 13.6
250 to 499 miles 11,140 22.9 3,401 6.8 1,563 22.6
500 to 749 miles 7,029 14.4 1,540 3.1 1,138 16.5
750 to 999 miles 5,604 11.5 802 1.6 852 12.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 837 1.7 101 0.2 139 2.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 592 1.2 1,252 18.1
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 46,834 100.0 49,637 100.0 6,756 100.0
Less than 50 miles 9,573 20.4 33,141 66.8 500 7.4
50 to 99 miles 2,705 5.8 5,325 10.7 519 7.7
100 to 249 miles 8,282 17.7 4,911 9.9 937 13.9
250 to 499 miles 10,811 23.1 3,307 6.7 1,506 22.3
500 to 749 miles 6,047 12.9 1,463 2.9 1,059 15.7
750 to 999 miles 5,378 11.5 802 1.6 852 12.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 766 1.6 100 0.2 139 2.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 587 1.2 1,240 18.4
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S 3 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S 1 0.8 S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 10,398 100.0 351 100.0 407 100.0
Less than 50 miles 580 5.6 14 3.9
50 to 99 miles 469 4.5 6 1.6 0.1
100 to 249 miles 801 7.7 23 6.7 5 1.2
250 to 499 miles 2,538 24.4 45 13.0 21 5.2
500 to 749 miles 2,377 22.9 106 30.2 S S
750 to 999 miles 1,794 17.3 68 19.4 S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 652 6.3 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,092 10.5 59 16.7 138 33.9
2,000 miles or more 96 0.9 S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 7,817 100.0 155 100.0 106 100.0
Less than 50 miles 580 7.4 14 8.9 0.3
50 to 99 miles 469 6.0 6 3.7 0.4
100 to 249 miles 800 10.2 20 13.1 4 4.1
250 to 499 miles 2,538 32.5 45 29.3 21 19.9
500 to 749 miles 1,532 19.6 34 22.1 25 24.1
750 to 999 miles 892 11.4 17 11.1 17 16.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 5 3.1 7 6.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 554 7.1 12 7.8 26 24.9
2,000 miles or more S S 1 1.0 4 3.8

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,727 100.0 343 100.0 48 100.0
Less than 50 miles 735 42.6 213 62.2 S S
50 to 99 miles S S 53 15.5 5 9.8
100 to 249 miles S S 22 6.4 5 9.9
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.