Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 60,864 100.0 50,617 100.0 7,362 100.0 577
Single modes 48,739 80.1 49,923 98.6 6,906 93.8 253
Truck2 46,834 76.9 49,637 98.1 6,756 91.8 213
Rail S S S S S S 670
All other Single modes S S S S 3 1,207
Multiple modes 10,398 17.1 351 0.7 407 5.5 814
Parcel, USPS or courier 7,817 12.8 155 0.3 106 1.4 812
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,689
Other and unknown modes 1,727 2.8 343 0.7 48 0.7 S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S S S 161
Single modes S S S S S S 161
Truck2 S S S S S S 161
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 3,030 100.0 2,184 100.0 386 100.0 S
Single modes 2,919 96.3 2,151 98.5 385 99.6 S
Truck2 2,868 94.7 2,122 97.2 359 92.9 S
Rail S S S S S S 675
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,158
Multiple modes S S S S S S 883
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 883
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 51

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 290 100.0 13,020 100.0 550 100.0 42
Single modes 289 99.9 12,913 99.2 549 99.7 42
Truck2 289 99.9 12,913 99.2 549 99.7 42
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 1,413 100.0 4,768 100.0 112 100.0 25
Single modes 1,413 100.0 4,768 100.0 112 100.0 25
Truck2 1,413 100.0 4,768 100.0 112 100.0 25
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 6,455 100.0 1,519 100.0 881 100.0 599
Single modes 4,033 62.5 1,483 97.6 855 97.0 525
Truck2 2,589 40.1 1,269 83.5 757 85.9 249
Rail S S S S S S 801
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,216
Multiple modes 2,396 37.1 19 1.3 24 2.8 711
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 11 0.7 S S 710
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,211
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 7,038 100.0 3,034 100.0 630 100.0 692
Single modes 5,618 79.8 2,949 97.2 580 92.1 354
Truck2 5,599 79.6 2,937 96.8 577 91.7 285
Rail S S S S S S 143
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,213
Multiple modes 1,314 18.7 72 2.4 46 7.3 822
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,313 18.7 68 2.3 46 7.2 822
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 184
Other and unknown modes 105 1.5 13 0.4 4 0.6 583

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 8,142 100.0 S S 1,624 100.0 530
Single modes 7,398 90.9 S S 1,593 98.1 S
Truck2 7,357 90.4 S S 1,593 98.1 S
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,218
Multiple modes 656 8.1 17 0.1 12 0.8 788
Parcel, USPS or courier 656 8.1 17 0.1 12 0.8 788
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 35 0.2 S S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 21,241 100.0 3,501 100.0 1,911 100.0 664
Single modes 14,631 68.9 3,159 90.2 1,582 82.8 598
Truck2 14,289 67.3 3,130 89.4 1,559 81.6 596
Rail S S S S S S 820
All other Single modes S S S S S S 748
Multiple modes 5,237 24.7 S S S S 698
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,680 12.6 38 1.1 22 1.2 687
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,694
Other and unknown modes 1,373 6.5 120 3.4 S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 10,184 100.0 3,325 100.0 891 100.0 619
Single modes 9,367 92.0 3,287 98.8 874 98.0 182
Truck2 9,363 91.9 3,286 98.8 874 98.0 180
Rail
All other Single modes 4 S S S S 1,525
Multiple modes 781 7.7 19 0.6 17 1.9 943
Parcel, USPS or courier 781 7.7 19 0.6 17 1.9 943
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 30 100.0 42 100.0 S S 940
Single modes 28 92.6 42 99.8 S S 246
Truck2 25 84.0 39 93.5 S S 251
Rail S S S S S S 80
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S 0.2 S S 981
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.2 S S 981
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.