Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

Excel | CSV

All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 58,169 100.0 250,023 100.0 39,839 100.0
Less than 50 miles 30,814 53.0 183,308 73.3 4,903 12.3
50 to 99 miles 4,461 7.7 14,451 5.8 980 2.5
100 to 249 miles 7,675 13.2 15,120 6.0 2,817 7.1
250 to 499 miles 5,466 9.4 15,816 6.3 7,796 19.6
500 to 749 miles 5,185 8.9 15,369 6.1 12,164 30.5
750 to 999 miles 2,324 4.0 3,014 1.2 4,188 10.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,453 2.5 1,956 0.8 3,828 9.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 596 1.0 627 0.3 S S
2,000 miles or more 195 0.3 S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 54,123 100.0 247,129 100.0 36,428 100.0
Less than 50 miles 29,820 55.1 182,410 73.8 4,888 13.4
50 to 99 miles 4,273 7.9 14,398 5.8 975 2.7
100 to 249 miles 6,291 11.6 15,035 6.1 2,798 7.7
250 to 499 miles 5,021 9.3 15,736 6.4 7,758 21.3
500 to 749 miles 4,979 9.2 15,080 6.1 11,932 32.8
750 to 999 miles 1,939 3.6 2,118 0.9 2,585 7.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,202 2.2 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 438 0.8 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 160 0.3 S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 20,238 100.0 48,001 100.0 4,360 100.0
Less than 50 miles 9,297 45.9 38,171 79.5 S S
50 to 99 miles 2,135 10.5 3,894 8.1 318 7.3
100 to 249 miles S S 2,097 4.4 486 11.1
250 to 499 miles 2,053 10.1 1,668 3.5 697 16.0
500 to 749 miles 1,715 8.5 1,368 2.8 1,038 23.8
750 to 999 miles 737 3.6 294 0.6 294 6.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 802 4.0 359 0.7 489 11.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 283 1.4 116 0.2 236 5.4
2,000 miles or more 84 0.4 S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,203 100.0 4,597 100.0 4,324 100.0
Less than 50 miles 47 1.5 209 4.6 11 0.2
50 to 99 miles 29 0.9 119 2.6 S S
100 to 249 miles S S 231 5.0 64 1.5
250 to 499 miles 721 22.5 1,643 35.7 829 19.2
500 to 749 miles 705 22.0 748 16.3 639 14.8
750 to 999 miles 940 29.3 827 18.0 964 22.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 181 5.7 292 6.3 442 10.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 96 3.0 209 4.5 436 10.1
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 30,682 100.0 194,530 100.0 27,744 100.0
Less than 50 miles 20,477 66.7 144,030 74.0 4,165 15.0
50 to 99 miles 2,109 6.9 10,385 5.3 640 2.3
100 to 249 miles 2,748 9.0 12,707 6.5 2,248 8.1
250 to 499 miles 2,246 7.3 12,425 6.4 6,232 22.5
500 to 749 miles 2,559 8.3 12,965 6.7 10,256 37.0
750 to 999 miles 262 0.9 997 0.5 1,327 4.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 2,057 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles 242 11.8 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 135 6.6 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 224 10.9 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 439 21.4 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 203 9.8 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 383 18.6 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 241 11.7 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 3 0.2 6 0.2
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,711 100.0 73 100.0 39 100.0
Less than 50 miles 238 13.9 12 16.3 0.9
50 to 99 miles 131 7.7 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 220 12.9 10 14.2 2 5.1
250 to 499 miles 389 22.7 17 22.9 S S
500 to 749 miles 165 9.7 6 8.6 5 11.8
750 to 999 miles 200 11.7 9 12.5 9 24.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 180 10.5 5 6.2 6 15.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 3 4.0 6 14.7
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 346 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S 1,381 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 751 37.8 872 63.1 13 3.0
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.