Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 58,169 100.0 250,023 100.0 39,839 100.0 177
Less than 50 lbs 4,085 7.0 98 14 196
50 to 99 lbs 1,034 1.8 94 17 190
100 to 499 lbs 4,828 8.3 623 0.2 81 0.2 143
500 to 749 lbs 606 1.0 205 17 S
750 to 999 lbs 465 0.8 131 23 164
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 3,183 5.5 1,461 0.6 219 0.6 129
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 7,061 12.1 11,821 4.7 3,219 8.1 263
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,421 2.4 S S 1,070 2.7 55
100,000 lbs or more 35,485 61.0 216,546 86.6 35,179 88.3 548

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 54,123 100.0 247,129 100.0 36,428 100.0 116
Less than 50 lbs S S 70 S S 114
50 to 99 lbs 634 1.2 67 6 83
100 to 499 lbs 3,204 5.9 548 0.2 61 0.2 118
500 to 749 lbs 534 1.0 195 15 S
750 to 999 lbs 433 0.8 116 19 161
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 3,011 5.6 1,344 0.5 195 0.5 130
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 6,738 12.4 11,206 4.5 2,828 7.8 230
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,391 2.6 S S 991 2.7 52
100,000 lbs or more 35,203 65.0 214,898 87.0 32,306 88.7 532

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 20,238 100.0 48,001 100.0 4,360 100.0 113
Less than 50 lbs S S 70 0.1 S S 114
50 to 99 lbs 624 3.1 66 0.1 6 0.1 83
100 to 499 lbs 3,154 15.6 545 1.1 60 1.4 118
500 to 749 lbs 532 2.6 195 0.4 15 0.3 S
750 to 999 lbs 433 2.1 116 0.2 19 0.4 161
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 2,993 14.8 1,327 2.8 193 4.4 130
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 6,372 31.5 10,789 22.5 2,792 64.0 237
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,236 6.1 S S 903 20.7 49
100,000 lbs or more S S S S 365 8.4 106

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 3,203 100.0 4,597 100.0 4,324 100.0 788
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 63
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 515
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,083
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 70 2.2 28 0.6 18 0.4 673
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 38 0.8 29 0.7 817
100,000 lbs or more 3,040 94.9 4,530 98.5 4,276 98.9 825

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 30,682 100.0 194,530 100.0 27,744 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 866
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,602
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 389 0.2 S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 67 0.2 216 0.1 S S 287
100,000 lbs or more 30,233 98.5 193,905 99.7 27,665 99.7 190

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 2,057 100.0 S S S S 502
Less than 50 lbs 969 47.1 19 1.3 8 0.3 468
50 to 99 lbs 360 17.5 19 1.3 11 0.4 620
100 to 499 lbs 319 15.5 24 1.6 15 0.5 672
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 441
750 to 999 lbs S S 7 0.5 S S 398
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,932
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S 83 2.8 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,932
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,042

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 1,711 100.0 73 100.0 39 100.0 502
Less than 50 lbs 969 56.6 19 26.0 8 20.1 469
50 to 99 lbs 360 21.0 19 26.2 11 28.0 620
100 to 499 lbs 319 18.6 24 32.6 15 39.6 672
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 441
750 to 999 lbs S S 7 9.9 S S 398
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 346 100.0 S S S S 801
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,932
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S 83 2.8 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,932
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,042

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes S S 1,381 100.0 S S 48
Less than 50 lbs S S S S 14
50 to 99 lbs 40 2.0 8 0.5 S S 25
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 73
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 659
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 346 25.0 S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 643

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.