Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 42,815 100.0 24,383 100.0 2,817 100.0
Less than 50 miles 11,550 27.0 18,000 73.8 367 13.0
50 to 99 miles 9,274 21.7 2,829 11.6 234 8.3
100 to 249 miles 5,798 13.5 1,702 7.0 333 11.8
250 to 499 miles 2,285 5.3 539 2.2 298 10.6
500 to 749 miles 3,231 7.5 589 2.4 451 16.0
750 to 999 miles 3,410 8.0 294 1.2 293 10.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,896 6.8 210 0.9 291 10.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,726 4.0 91 0.4 187 6.6
2,000 miles or more 2,645 6.2 129 0.5 362 12.9

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 30,831 100.0 23,867 100.0 2,499 100.0
Less than 50 miles 10,377 33.7 17,867 74.9 365 14.6
50 to 99 miles 7,573 24.6 2,711 11.4 224 9.0
100 to 249 miles 4,483 14.5 1,649 6.9 323 12.9
250 to 499 miles 1,359 4.4 516 2.2 287 11.5
500 to 749 miles 1,834 5.9 549 2.3 420 16.8
750 to 999 miles 1,505 4.9 246 1.0 247 9.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,228 4.0 170 0.7 238 9.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,240 4.0 70 0.3 145 5.8
2,000 miles or more 1,233 4.0 89 0.4 250 10.0

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 29,720 100.0 23,465 100.0 2,218 100.0
Less than 50 miles 10,377 34.9 17,867 76.1 365 16.5
50 to 99 miles 7,267 24.5 2,711 11.6 224 10.1
100 to 249 miles 4,424 14.9 1,574 6.7 296 13.3
250 to 499 miles 1,324 4.5 270 1.2 112 5.1
500 to 749 miles 1,784 6.0 472 2.0 351 15.8
750 to 999 miles 1,390 4.7 245 1.0 246 11.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,053 3.5 169 0.7 236 10.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,117 3.8 70 0.3 144 6.5
2,000 miles or more 985 3.3 87 0.4 243 11.0

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S 395 100.0 270 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S 245 62.0 174 64.6
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,084 100.0 6 100.0 11 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S 5.9 1.2
100 to 249 miles 57 5.2 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 20 1.9 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 42 3.9 1 13.3 1 6.9
750 to 999 miles 115 10.6 S S 1 6.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 175 16.2 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 6.7 1 8.1
2,000 miles or more 246 22.7 2 36.0 6 56.2

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 10,751 100.0 223 100.0 235 100.0
Less than 50 miles 809 7.5 19 8.7 1 0.3
50 to 99 miles 1,484 13.8 18 8.2 2 0.8
100 to 249 miles 1,255 11.7 36 16.3 7 3.2
250 to 499 miles 890 8.3 19 8.7 9 3.9
500 to 749 miles 1,196 11.1 26 11.7 20 8.5
750 to 999 miles 1,808 16.8 26 11.8 26 11.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,468 13.7 24 10.9 34 14.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 466 4.3 16 7.3 32 13.7
2,000 miles or more 1,374 12.8 37 16.4 104 44.2

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 10,748 100.0 222 100.0 233 100.0
Less than 50 miles 809 7.5 19 8.8 1 0.3
50 to 99 miles 1,484 13.8 18 8.2 2 0.8
100 to 249 miles 1,253 11.7 36 16.2 7 3.2
250 to 499 miles 890 8.3 19 8.7 9 4.0
500 to 749 miles 1,196 11.1 26 11.8 20 8.5
750 to 999 miles 1,808 16.8 26 11.8 26 11.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,468 13.7 24 11.0 34 14.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 466 4.3 16 7.3 32 13.8
2,000 miles or more 1,374 12.8 36 16.2 102 43.7

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,234 100.0 294 100.0 83 100.0
Less than 50 miles 364 29.5 S S 1 1.4
50 to 99 miles 217 17.6 S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S 18 6.0 3 3.7
250 to 499 miles 36 2.9 4 1.3 2 2.5
500 to 749 miles S S 14 4.9 11 13.8
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.