Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 224,325 100.0 158,066 100.0 32,467 100.0
Less than 50 miles 72,583 32.4 106,339 67.3 2,339 7.2
50 to 99 miles 14,556 6.5 15,949 10.1 1,605 4.9
100 to 249 miles 25,761 11.5 15,006 9.5 3,415 10.5
250 to 499 miles 17,696 7.9 5,743 3.6 2,482 7.6
500 to 749 miles S S 4,600 2.9 3,629 11.2
750 to 999 miles 11,979 5.3 2,241 1.4 2,311 7.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 14,364 6.4 4,580 2.9 7,596 23.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 4,482 2.0 1,091 0.7 2,016 6.2
2,000 miles or more 26,893 12.0 2,516 1.6 7,074 21.8

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 172,413 100.0 153,266 100.0 26,547 100.0
Less than 50 miles 62,109 36.0 104,592 68.2 2,301 8.7
50 to 99 miles 11,652 6.8 15,799 10.3 1,592 6.0
100 to 249 miles 21,372 12.4 14,731 9.6 3,357 12.6
250 to 499 miles 12,161 7.1 5,520 3.6 2,374 8.9
500 to 749 miles S S 4,345 2.8 3,425 12.9
750 to 999 miles 7,944 4.6 2,102 1.4 2,170 8.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 7,034 4.1 3,457 2.3 4,733 17.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,559 0.9 936 0.6 1,672 6.3
2,000 miles or more S S 1,784 1.2 4,922 18.5

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 162,756 100.0 116,364 100.0 20,292 100.0
Less than 50 miles 58,529 36.0 84,472 72.6 1,998 9.8
50 to 99 miles 10,289 6.3 9,381 8.1 844 4.2
100 to 249 miles 19,929 12.2 7,985 6.9 1,619 8.0
250 to 499 miles 11,671 7.2 4,510 3.9 1,909 9.4
500 to 749 miles S S 2,809 2.4 2,168 10.7
750 to 999 miles 7,650 4.7 1,957 1.7 2,001 9.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 6,511 4.0 2,949 2.5 3,993 19.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,449 0.9 639 0.5 1,208 6.0
2,000 miles or more S S 1,662 1.4 4,552 22.4

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,120 100.0 2,980 100.0 2,478 100.0
Less than 50 miles 158 14.1 S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 164 14.7 S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 136 12.1 187 6.3 291 11.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 8,536 100.0 33,922 100.0 3,777 100.0
Less than 50 miles 3,421 40.1 19,855 58.5 S S
50 to 99 miles 1,345 15.8 6,409 18.9 748 19.8
100 to 249 miles 1,412 16.5 6,662 19.6 1,707 45.2
250 to 499 miles 326 3.8 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 525 6.1 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 171 2.0 1 1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 387 4.5 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 96 1.1 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 853 10.0 12 33 0.9

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 48,407 100.0 2,205 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 8,259 17.1 431 19.5 S S
50 to 99 miles 2,718 5.6 87 3.9 8 0.2
100 to 249 miles 4,144 8.6 104 4.7 22 0.6
250 to 499 miles 5,309 11.0 90 4.1 39 1.0
500 to 749 miles 7,407 15.3 104 4.7 81 2.2
750 to 999 miles 3,982 8.2 62 2.8 64 1.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 7,203 14.9 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,848 5.9 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 6,536 13.5 151 6.9 444 11.9

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 47,472 100.0 832 100.0 655 100.0
Less than 50 miles 8,126 17.1 180 21.6 6 0.9
50 to 99 miles 2,718 5.7 87 10.4 8 1.2
100 to 249 miles 4,144 8.7 104 12.5 22 3.3
250 to 499 miles 5,309 11.2 90 10.8 39 5.9
500 to 749 miles 7,382 15.5 91 10.9 69 10.5
750 to 999 miles 3,975 8.4 57 6.9 58 8.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 6,969 14.7 102 12.2 137 20.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,435 5.1 25 3.1 50 7.6
2,000 miles or more 6,414 13.5 97 11.7 267 40.8

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 934 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,505 100.0 2,596 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 2,215 63.2 S S 19 0.9
50 to 99 miles 185 5.3 63 2.4 5 0.2
100 to 249 miles 245 7.0 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 226 6.5 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 146 4.2 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 127 3.6 79 3.0 S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 74 2.1 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 235 6.7 S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.