Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 224,325 100.0 158,066 100.0 32,467 100.0 576
Less than 50 lbs 41,427 18.5 537 0.3 299 0.9 693
50 to 99 lbs 9,422 4.2 393 0.2 201 0.6 526
100 to 499 lbs 21,868 9.7 2,074 1.3 612 1.9 324
500 to 749 lbs 6,248 2.8 996 0.6 280 0.9 281
750 to 999 lbs 3,438 1.5 680 0.4 130 0.4 190
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 49,715 22.2 12,707 8.0 3,888 12.0 301
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 79,027 35.2 50,184 31.7 11,625 35.8 258
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,625 1.6 39,595 25.0 3,444 10.6 78
100,000 lbs or more 9,555 4.3 50,901 32.2 11,987 36.9 452

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 172,413 100.0 153,266 100.0 26,547 100.0 210
Less than 50 lbs 6,255 3.6 233 0.2 34 0.1 186
50 to 99 lbs 3,266 1.9 202 0.1 33 0.1 153
100 to 499 lbs 15,428 8.9 1,753 1.1 398 1.5 233
500 to 749 lbs 5,569 3.2 950 0.6 268 1.0 280
750 to 999 lbs 3,180 1.8 633 0.4 125 0.5 195
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 48,611 28.2 11,850 7.7 3,397 12.8 272
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 77,272 44.8 48,900 31.9 11,072 41.7 254
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,483 2.0 39,001 25.4 1,885 7.1 48
100,000 lbs or more 9,348 5.4 49,744 32.5 9,335 35.2 431

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 162,756 100.0 116,364 100.0 20,292 100.0 187
Less than 50 lbs 4,810 3.0 228 0.2 27 0.1 134
50 to 99 lbs 2,934 1.8 201 0.2 29 0.1 S
100 to 499 lbs 15,088 9.3 1,749 1.5 390 1.9 230
500 to 749 lbs 5,457 3.4 949 0.8 267 1.3 279
750 to 999 lbs 3,162 1.9 630 0.5 119 0.6 187
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 48,482 29.8 11,842 10.2 3,387 16.7 271
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 76,995 47.3 48,712 41.9 10,897 53.7 251
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,434 2.1 38,908 33.4 1,775 8.7 45
100,000 lbs or more 2,394 1.5 13,144 11.3 3,401 16.8 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 1,120 100.0 2,980 100.0 2,478 100.0 958
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 795
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,601
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 815
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 45 1.5 59 2.4 1,361
100,000 lbs or more 841 75.1 2,806 94.2 S S 956

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 8,536 100.0 33,922 100.0 3,777 100.0 1,420
Less than 50 lbs 1,444 16.9 5 7 0.2 1,379
50 to 99 lbs 331 3.9 2 S S 2,373
100 to 499 lbs S S 4 7 0.2 1,756
500 to 749 lbs S S 1 S S 1,918
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,402
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 124 1.5 S S 8 0.2 1,419
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,215
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,065
100,000 lbs or more 6,112 71.6 33,794 99.6 3,621 95.9 124

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 48,407 100.0 2,205 100.0 S S 908
Less than 50 lbs 34,549 71.4 295 13.4 263 7.1 914
50 to 99 lbs 6,090 12.6 185 8.4 168 4.5 931
100 to 499 lbs 6,158 12.7 291 13.2 209 5.6 769
500 to 749 lbs 462 1.0 27 1.2 12 0.3 468
750 to 999 lbs 221 0.5 35 1.6 4 0.1 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,226
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 215 9.7 S S 1,883
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 2,397

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 47,472 100.0 832 100.0 655 100.0 908
Less than 50 lbs 34,549 72.8 295 35.5 263 40.2 914
50 to 99 lbs 6,088 12.8 185 22.2 168 25.6 930
100 to 499 lbs 6,153 13.0 291 35.0 209 31.9 768
500 to 749 lbs 461 1.0 27 3.3 12 1.8 473
750 to 999 lbs 221 0.5 35 4.1 4 0.6 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 934 100.0 S S S S 2,214
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 5,492
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 5,335
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 2
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,226
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 215 15.6 S S 1,883
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 2,397

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 3,505 100.0 2,596 100.0 S S 268
Less than 50 lbs 623 17.8 8 0.3 S S 172
50 to 99 lbs 66 1.9 S S S
100 to 499 lbs 281 8.0 30 1.1 S S 195
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 44
750 to 999 lbs 36 1.0 S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,098 31.3 S S S S 652
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S 146 6.6 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,539
100,000 lbs or more 1 2 24

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.