Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 168,488 100.0 101,563 100.0 26,954 100.0
Less than 50 miles 66,447 39.4 68,043 67.0 1,281 4.8
50 to 99 miles 10,522 6.2 9,978 9.8 895 3.3
100 to 249 miles 13,600 8.1 5,280 5.2 1,025 3.8
250 to 499 miles 17,627 10.5 2,800 2.8 1,150 4.3
500 to 749 miles 11,471 6.8 3,560 3.5 2,599 9.6
750 to 999 miles 8,991 5.3 1,502 1.5 1,553 5.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 20,429 12.1 8,264 8.1 11,372 42.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,366 2.0 310 0.3 613 2.3
2,000 miles or more 16,035 9.5 1,826 1.8 6,467 24.0

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 112,492 100.0 96,549 100.0 22,350 100.0
Less than 50 miles 51,380 45.7 65,221 67.6 1,241 5.6
50 to 99 miles 7,771 6.9 9,890 10.2 885 4.0
100 to 249 miles 8,146 7.2 5,081 5.3 983 4.4
250 to 499 miles 9,435 8.4 2,604 2.7 1,061 4.7
500 to 749 miles 8,681 7.7 3,465 3.6 2,513 11.2
750 to 999 miles 5,593 5.0 1,357 1.4 1,369 6.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 13,219 11.8 7,442 7.7 10,349 46.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,967 1.7 256 0.3 500 2.2
2,000 miles or more 6,298 5.6 1,234 1.3 3,449 15.4

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 107,562 100.0 89,614 100.0 13,802 100.0
Less than 50 miles 51,267 47.7 64,454 71.9 1,235 8.9
50 to 99 miles 7,439 6.9 9,888 11.0 884 6.4
100 to 249 miles 7,884 7.3 5,054 5.6 975 7.1
250 to 499 miles 9,224 8.6 2,592 2.9 1,052 7.6
500 to 749 miles 8,273 7.7 3,220 3.6 2,319 16.8
750 to 999 miles 5,284 4.9 1,355 1.5 1,366 9.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 10,828 10.1 1,608 1.8 2,155 15.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,842 1.7 254 0.3 497 3.6
2,000 miles or more 5,522 5.1 1,190 1.3 3,318 24.0

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 4,572 100.0 6,669 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S 1
100 to 249 miles 262 5.7 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 211 4.6 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 192 4.2 3 3
750 to 999 miles 309 6.8 2 3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,268 49.6 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 126 2.7 1 3
2,000 miles or more 759 16.6 S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 46,236 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles 9,214 19.9 293 13.9 12 0.3
50 to 99 miles 2,351 5.1 70 3.3 8 0.2
100 to 249 miles 4,789 10.4 137 6.5 30 0.7
250 to 499 miles 7,738 16.7 67 3.2 31 0.7
500 to 749 miles 2,292 5.0 60 2.9 58 1.4
750 to 999 miles 2,948 6.4 119 5.7 159 3.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 6,786 14.7 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,319 2.9 32 1.5 69 1.6
2,000 miles or more 8,799 19.0 S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 40,850 100.0 688 100.0 551 100.0
Less than 50 miles 8,433 20.6 168 24.3 4 0.8
50 to 99 miles 2,128 5.2 46 6.6 4 0.8
100 to 249 miles 4,499 11.0 104 15.2 21 3.8
250 to 499 miles 7,669 18.8 62 9.0 28 5.1
500 to 749 miles 2,199 5.4 47 6.8 36 6.5
750 to 999 miles 2,742 6.7 66 9.5 65 11.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 4,587 11.2 90 13.1 124 22.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,245 3.0 28 4.1 57 10.3
2,000 miles or more 7,348 18.0 78 11.3 212 38.5

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S 9 0.3
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S 22 0.6
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 9,761 100.0 2,907 100.0 372 100.0
Less than 50 miles 5,852 60.0 S S 27 7.3
50 to 99 miles S S 18 0.6 2 0.6
100 to 249 miles 665 6.8 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 455 4.7 S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S 35 1.2 S S
750 to 999 miles S S 26 0.9 25 6.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 46 1.6 64 17.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.