Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 26,428 100.0 25,983 100.0 4,855 100.0
Less than 50 miles 5,497 20.8 S S 156 3.2
50 to 99 miles 1,467 5.6 1,376 5.3 132 2.7
100 to 249 miles 4,911 18.6 2,453 9.4 492 10.1
250 to 499 miles 2,986 11.3 1,082 4.2 495 10.2
500 to 749 miles 3,601 13.6 714 2.7 547 11.3
750 to 999 miles 2,917 11.0 857 3.3 938 19.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 4,833 18.3 1,287 5.0 2,051 42.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 19 S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 23,665 100.0 25,122 100.0 4,522 100.0
Less than 50 miles 5,241 22.1 S S 151 3.3
50 to 99 miles 1,312 5.5 1,334 5.3 128 2.8
100 to 249 miles 4,544 19.2 2,306 9.2 459 10.1
250 to 499 miles 2,528 10.7 1,058 4.2 484 10.7
500 to 749 miles 3,008 12.7 690 2.7 529 11.7
750 to 999 miles 2,606 11.0 840 3.3 919 20.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 4,266 18.0 1,140 4.5 1,812 40.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 18,084 100.0 23,455 100.0 2,472 100.0
Less than 50 miles 5,240 29.0 S S 151 6.1
50 to 99 miles 1,312 7.3 1,334 5.7 128 5.2
100 to 249 miles 4,338 24.0 2,191 9.3 421 17.0
250 to 499 miles 2,094 11.6 844 3.6 359 14.5
500 to 749 miles 1,913 10.6 476 2.0 344 13.9
750 to 999 miles 1,162 6.4 419 1.8 422 17.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,990 11.0 449 1.9 634 25.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 33 0.2 6 13 0.5
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 5,398 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 1,013 18.8 211 12.7 182 8.9
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,235 41.4 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 184 100.0 6 100.0 8 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 82 44.7 3 41.3 3 33.7
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 41 22.2 1 13.4 2 22.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 2,448 100.0 119 100.0 93 100.0
Less than 50 miles 110 4.5 8 6.5 0.1
50 to 99 miles 134 5.5 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 348 14.2 19 15.5 4 3.8
250 to 499 miles 449 18.4 20 17.2 9 9.5
500 to 749 miles 516 21.1 17 14.0 12 13.3
750 to 999 miles 298 12.2 13 10.9 13 14.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 536 21.9 31 25.7 47 50.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 28 1.1 2 1.3 3 3.4
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 2,412 100.0 110 100.0 77 100.0
Less than 50 miles 109 4.5 S S 0.1
50 to 99 miles 134 5.6 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 345 14.3 18 16.4 3 4.5
250 to 499 miles 449 18.6 20 18.7 9 11.5
500 to 749 miles 516 21.4 17 15.3 12 16.1
750 to 999 miles 298 12.4 13 11.8 13 17.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 514 21.3 23 20.6 33 42.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 28 1.2 2 1.5 3 4.1
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 315 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles 146 46.3 S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 13 4.0 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.