Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 47,102 100.0 21,439 100.0 2,857 100.0
Less than 50 miles 18,489 39.3 12,285 57.3 278 9.7
50 to 99 miles 9,078 19.3 4,791 22.3 420 14.7
100 to 249 miles 8,343 17.7 2,747 12.8 516 18.1
250 to 499 miles 1,345 2.9 489 2.3 206 7.2
500 to 749 miles 1,573 3.3 244 1.1 166 5.8
750 to 999 miles 4,885 10.4 515 2.4 541 18.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,250 2.7 193 0.9 259 9.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 493 1.0 54 0.3 113 3.9
2,000 miles or more 1,647 3.5 120 0.6 358 12.5

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 37,782 100.0 20,723 100.0 2,605 100.0
Less than 50 miles 15,906 42.1 11,791 56.9 272 10.5
50 to 99 miles 7,545 20.0 4,734 22.8 415 15.9
100 to 249 miles 6,301 16.7 2,701 13.0 507 19.4
250 to 499 miles 780 2.1 480 2.3 201 7.7
500 to 749 miles 1,299 3.4 238 1.1 162 6.2
750 to 999 miles 3,966 10.5 505 2.4 530 20.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 656 1.7 161 0.8 215 8.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 21 0.1 41 1.6
2,000 miles or more 1,144 3.0 93 0.5 262 10.1

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 35,531 100.0 19,961 100.0 2,510 100.0
Less than 50 miles 15,726 44.3 11,105 55.6 262 10.4
50 to 99 miles 7,540 21.2 4,720 23.6 414 16.5
100 to 249 miles 6,294 17.7 2,682 13.4 504 20.1
250 to 499 miles 771 2.2 479 2.4 201 8.0
500 to 749 miles 1,099 3.1 238 1.2 162 6.4
750 to 999 miles 2,276 6.4 504 2.5 529 21.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 632 1.8 131 0.7 171 6.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 21 0.1 41 1.6
2,000 miles or more 1,010 2.8 81 0.4 226 9.0

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S 0.3
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S 1 2.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 7,829 100.0 S S 128 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,584 20.2 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 1,389 17.7 20 6.3 2 1.6
100 to 249 miles 1,972 25.2 29 8.9 6 4.3
250 to 499 miles 455 5.8 5 1.6 2 1.7
500 to 749 miles 270 3.5 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 895 11.4 7 2.3 8 5.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 562 7.2 14 4.4 21 16.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 260 3.3 9 2.7 18 14.3
2,000 miles or more 441 5.6 S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 7,737 100.0 97 100.0 53 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,535 19.8 20 20.4 0.9
50 to 99 miles 1,388 17.9 15 15.4 1 2.5
100 to 249 miles 1,966 25.4 28 29.2 5 10.1
250 to 499 miles 455 5.9 5 5.2 2 4.1
500 to 749 miles 267 3.5 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 895 11.6 7 7.5 8 14.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 554 7.2 6 6.0 8 14.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 256 3.3 5 5.2 9 17.4
2,000 miles or more 421 5.4 5 5.6 15 28.3

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,491 100.0 394 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 999 67.0 S S 3 2.2
50 to 99 miles 144 9.7 36 9.2 3 2.5
100 to 249 miles S S 17 4.4 4 3.0
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 3 0.2 0.2
750 to 999 miles S S 3 0.8 S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.