Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 57,965 100.0 69,456 100.0 8,406 100.0 349
Single modes 49,906 86.1 68,812 99.1 8,152 97.0 136
Truck2 44,553 76.9 53,872 77.6 6,256 74.4 99
Rail S S 3,007 4.3 S S 623
All other Single modes 4,179 7.2 11,933 17.2 S S 1,300
Multiple modes 6,975 12.0 195 0.3 121 1.4 624
Parcel, USPS or courier 6,761 11.7 162 0.2 84 1.0 624
All other Multiple modes S S 33 S S S
Other and unknown modes 1,084 1.9 449 0.6 S S S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S S S 160
Single modes S S S S S S 161
Truck2 S S S S S S 161
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 4,290 100.0 3,695 100.0 1,232 100.0 S
Single modes 4,233 98.7 3,659 99.0 1,191 96.6 S
Truck2 4,214 98.2 3,649 98.8 1,176 95.4 S
Rail 20 0.5 S S S S 860
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,064
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 536
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,201
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 345

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 77 100.0 6,533 100.0 466 100.0 56
Single modes 77 100.0 6,533 100.0 466 100.0 56
Truck2 69 89.1 6,169 94.4 393 84.3 54
Rail S S S S S S 201
All other Single modes
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 9,872 100.0 42,616 100.0 2,689 100.0 S
Single modes 9,871 100.0 42,615 100.0 2,689 100.0 S
Truck2 6,169 62.5 28,525 66.9 1,191 44.3 34
Rail S S 2,166 5.1 S S 654
All other Single modes 2,714 27.5 11,924 28.0 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 13

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 9,570 100.0 3,302 100.0 1,334 100.0 291
Single modes 8,711 91.0 3,253 98.5 1,311 98.2 S
Truck2 8,518 89.0 2,786 84.4 1,011 75.8 S
Rail S S S S S S 637
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,004
Multiple modes 811 8.5 S S S S 541
Parcel, USPS or courier 811 8.5 S S S S 541
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S 2,684 100.0 512 100.0 202
Single modes S S 2,610 97.2 503 98.2 S
Truck2 S S 2,607 97.1 499 97.5 89
Rail S S S S S S 3,072
All other Single modes 121 1.6 S S S S 1,412
Multiple modes 279 3.8 S S 7 1.4 483
Parcel, USPS or courier 266 3.6 S S 7 1.3 485
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 143
Other and unknown modes S S 56 2.1 2 0.3 S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 4,102 100.0 5,550 100.0 1,156 100.0 425
Single modes 3,466 84.5 5,263 94.8 1,044 90.3 180
Truck2 3,397 82.8 5,263 94.8 1,043 90.2 145
Rail
All other Single modes 69 1.7 1 2,330
Multiple modes 377 9.2 S S 11 1.0 924
Parcel, USPS or courier 372 9.1 7 0.1 S S 924
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 305
Other and unknown modes 258 6.3 267 4.8 S S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 14,285 100.0 272 100.0 91 100.0 703
Single modes 9,599 67.2 216 79.3 67 73.0 637
Truck2 8,407 58.9 212 77.9 62 68.1 350
Rail
All other Single modes S S 4 1.4 S S 1,298
Multiple modes 4,380 30.7 38 13.9 24 25.9 736
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,191 29.3 29 10.7 17 18.7 736
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,562
Other and unknown modes 306 2.1 S S S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 7,585 100.0 3,477 100.0 749 100.0 484
Single modes 6,136 80.9 3,335 95.9 706 94.2 188
Truck2 6,106 80.5 3,335 95.9 705 94.1 149
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,251
Multiple modes S S S S S S 570
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 570
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 67 100.0 S S S S 341
Single modes 66 98.0 S S S S 443
Truck2 66 98.0 S S S S 443
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes 1 2.0 S S 158
Parcel, USPS or courier 1 2.0 S S 158
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.