Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 118,942 100.0 86,596 100.0 10,021 100.0
Less than 50 miles 43,881 36.9 65,928 76.1 1,140 11.4
50 to 99 miles 13,938 11.7 7,779 9.0 665 6.6
100 to 249 miles 15,730 13.2 4,396 5.1 892 8.9
250 to 499 miles 10,255 8.6 3,139 3.6 1,386 13.8
500 to 749 miles 13,435 11.3 3,002 3.5 2,226 22.2
750 to 999 miles 4,079 3.4 953 1.1 989 9.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 4,968 4.2 747 0.9 1,050 10.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 173 0.2 346 3.4
2,000 miles or more 9,653 8.1 479 0.6 1,327 13.2

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 98,684 100.0 85,228 100.0 9,432 100.0
Less than 50 miles 40,295 40.8 65,566 76.9 1,129 12.0
50 to 99 miles 11,283 11.4 7,406 8.7 632 6.7
100 to 249 miles 13,491 13.7 4,217 4.9 860 9.1
250 to 499 miles 7,905 8.0 3,058 3.6 1,350 14.3
500 to 749 miles 10,448 10.6 2,829 3.3 2,090 22.2
750 to 999 miles 2,560 2.6 869 1.0 904 9.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,687 2.7 704 0.8 991 10.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 163 0.2 325 3.4
2,000 miles or more S S 416 0.5 1,150 12.2

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 92,396 100.0 70,356 100.0 8,310 100.0
Less than 50 miles 37,310 40.4 52,471 74.6 1,039 12.5
50 to 99 miles 10,452 11.3 6,906 9.8 590 7.1
100 to 249 miles 12,670 13.7 3,898 5.5 811 9.8
250 to 499 miles 7,657 8.3 2,617 3.7 1,112 13.4
500 to 749 miles 10,314 11.2 2,572 3.7 1,864 22.4
750 to 999 miles 2,382 2.6 772 1.1 793 9.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,564 2.8 666 0.9 935 11.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 89 0.1 169 2.0
2,000 miles or more S S 365 0.5 996 12.0

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 628 100.0 1,164 100.0 951 100.0
Less than 50 miles 14 2.3 54 4.6 3 0.3
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 95 15.2 121 10.4 28 2.9
250 to 499 miles 230 36.6 440 37.8 237 25.0
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 33 5.2 37 3.2 55 5.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 5,660 100.0 13,708 100.0 171 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,971 52.5 13,041 95.1 S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 91 1.6 1 0.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 825 14.6 S S 16 9.3

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 16,540 100.0 515 100.0 427 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,902 11.5 46 9.0 1 0.3
50 to 99 miles 1,655 10.0 60 11.6 5 1.3
100 to 249 miles 1,666 10.1 62 12.1 13 3.0
250 to 499 miles 2,293 13.9 64 12.3 27 6.4
500 to 749 miles 2,898 17.5 145 28.1 117 27.4
750 to 999 miles 1,502 9.1 43 8.4 44 10.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,092 12.6 29 5.6 41 9.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 289 1.7 10 1.9 19 4.6
2,000 miles or more 2,244 13.6 57 11.0 159 37.2

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 16,387 100.0 429 100.0 327 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,902 11.6 46 10.8 1 0.4
50 to 99 miles 1,655 10.1 60 13.9 5 1.6
100 to 249 miles 1,666 10.2 62 14.5 13 3.9
250 to 499 miles 2,293 14.0 64 14.8 27 8.4
500 to 749 miles 2,814 17.2 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 1,457 8.9 30 6.9 31 9.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,090 12.8 26 6.2 37 11.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 289 1.8 10 2.3 19 6.0
2,000 miles or more 2,222 13.6 48 11.1 129 39.5

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 153 100.0 86 100.0 99 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more 22 14.7 S S 30 29.8

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,718 100.0 S S 163 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,684 45.3 S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S 17 2.0 8 5.1
500 to 749 miles 89 2.4 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S
"key">KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.