Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

Excel | CSV

All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 118,942 100.0 86,596 100.0 10,021 100.0 596
Single modes 98,684 83.0 85,228 98.4 9,432 94.1 106
Truck2 92,396 77.7 70,356 81.2 8,310 82.9 96
Rail 628 0.5 1,164 1.3 951 9.5 604
All other Single modes 5,660 4.8 13,708 15.8 171 1.7 1,400
Multiple modes 16,540 13.9 515 0.6 427 4.3 863
Parcel, USPS or courier 16,387 13.8 429 0.5 327 3.3 863
All other Multiple modes 153 0.1 86 0.1 99 1.0 4,111
Other and unknown modes 3,718 3.1 S S 163 1.6 S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 3,020 100.0 S S 140 100.0 S
Single modes 2,987 98.9 S S 138 98.6 S
Truck2 2,987 98.9 S S 138 98.5 S
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 5,007
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,507
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,507
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,728

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 7,473 100.0 6,758 100.0 558 100.0 S
Single modes 6,469 86.6 6,471 95.7 460 82.6 S
Truck2 6,469 86.6 6,471 95.7 460 82.6 S
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes 99 1.3 72 1.1 83 14.8 862
Parcel, USPS or courier 2 S S 687
All other Multiple modes 97 1.3 72 1.1 83 14.8 1,231
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 219 100.0 25,322 100.0 770 100.0 29
Single modes 218 99.7 25,292 99.9 769 99.9 29
Truck2 218 99.7 25,292 99.9 769 99.9 29
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 6,173 100.0 27,796 100.0 572 100.0 32
Single modes 6,157 99.7 27,721 99.7 563 98.4 33
Truck2 3,029 49.1 14,037 50.5 420 73.3 33
Rail
All other Single modes 3,128 50.7 13,684 49.2 S S 11
Multiple modes S S S S S S 656
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 656
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 41,255 100.0 6,999 100.0 3,059 100.0 571
Single modes 39,551 95.9 6,790 97.0 3,018 98.7 442
Truck2 38,466 93.2 6,171 88.2 2,551 83.4 432
Rail 288 0.7 614 8.8 466 15.2 748
All other Single modes S S S S S S 2,104
Multiple modes 1,200 2.9 43 0.6 S S 752
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,200 2.9 43 0.6 S S 752
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 15,523 100.0 4,511 100.0 1,279 100.0 884
Single modes 11,202 72.2 4,230 93.8 1,114 87.1 216
Truck2 10,653 68.6 4,215 93.4 1,094 85.6 178
Rail S S S S S S 143
All other Single modes S S S S 20 1.5 1,222
Multiple modes 3,904 25.2 168 3.7 143 11.2 932
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,904 25.2 168 3.7 143 11.2 932
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 417 2.7 S S 21 1.7 S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 12,751 100.0 9,362 100.0 2,422 100.0 494
Single modes 10,113 79.3 9,136 97.6 2,288 94.5 120
Truck2 9,816 77.0 8,624 92.1 1,809 74.7 113
Rail 263 2.1 512 5.5 478 19.7 986
All other Single modes S S 1 S S 2,258
Multiple modes S S S S S S 700
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 697
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 5,343
Other and unknown modes S S S S 42 1.7 S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 22,314 100.0 S S 450 100.0 S
Single modes 12,645 56.7 S S 379 84.2 S
Truck2 11,484 51.5 S S 375 83.3 S
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,385
Multiple modes 8,230 36.9 57 3.4 S S 677
Parcel, USPS or courier 8,223 36.9 57 3.4 S S 677
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 5,319
Other and unknown modes 1,439 6.4 S S S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 10,083 100.0 2,688 100.0 755 100.0 322
Single modes 9,219 91.4 2,613 97.2 685 90.8 S
Truck2 9,164 90.9 2,598 96.6 683 90.5 S
Rail S S S S S S 62
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,983
Multiple modes 745 7.4 32 1.2 27 3.6 842
Parcel, USPS or courier 700 6.9 18 0.7 14 1.9 841
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,433
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 133 100.0 108 100.0 16 100.0 431
Single modes 124 93.2 90 83.3 16 96.5 S
Truck2 109 82.4 69 64.2 10 60.8 S
Rail S S S S S S 332
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 903
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 903
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.