Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 89,683 100.0 64,085 100.0 8,835 100.0
Less than 50 miles 29,095 32.4 45,272 70.6 707 8.0
50 to 99 miles 3,203 3.6 3,252 5.1 316 3.6
100 to 249 miles 9,936 11.1 6,318 9.9 1,192 13.5
250 to 499 miles 16,707 18.6 6,061 9.5 2,445 27.7
500 to 749 miles 4,615 5.1 873 1.4 693 7.8
750 to 999 miles 5,548 6.2 662 1.0 791 9.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 6,261 7.0 S S 1,607 18.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 8,610 9.6 391 0.6 812 9.2
2,000 miles or more 5,708 6.4 110 0.2 272 3.1

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 74,554 100.0 62,208 100.0 8,620 100.0
Less than 50 miles 27,607 37.0 43,611 70.1 691 8.0
50 to 99 miles 3,075 4.1 3,240 5.2 315 3.6
100 to 249 miles 9,018 12.1 6,260 10.1 1,183 13.7
250 to 499 miles 13,841 18.6 6,021 9.7 2,429 28.2
500 to 749 miles 3,292 4.4 842 1.4 669 7.8
750 to 999 miles 3,812 5.1 653 1.0 781 9.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 4,262 5.7 S S 1,556 18.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 5,277 7.1 370 0.6 770 8.9
2,000 miles or more 4,370 5.9 92 0.1 227 2.6

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 58,418 100.0 61,946 100.0 8,254 100.0
Less than 50 miles 27,607 47.3 43,611 70.4 691 8.4
50 to 99 miles 3,075 5.3 3,240 5.2 315 3.8
100 to 249 miles 8,994 15.4 6,260 10.1 1,183 14.3
250 to 499 miles 9,712 16.6 5,931 9.6 2,375 28.8
500 to 749 miles 2,250 3.9 798 1.3 627 7.6
750 to 999 miles 1,415 2.4 651 1.1 775 9.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,574 4.4 S S 1,358 16.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,024 3.5 344 0.6 713 8.6
2,000 miles or more 765 1.3 89 0.1 217 2.6

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 16,091 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 4,123 25.6 S S 8 3.7
500 to 749 miles S S 3 2.7 5 2.4
750 to 999 miles 2,397 14.9 2 2.1 5 2.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,668 10.4 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,238 20.1 14 12.1 29 13.2
2,000 miles or more 3,605 22.4 4 3.2 10 4.3

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 13,579 100.0 184 100.0 158 100.0
Less than 50 miles 959 7.1 34 18.4 1 0.4
50 to 99 miles 114 0.8 6 3.4 1 0.4
100 to 249 miles 899 6.6 S S 5 3.0
250 to 499 miles 2,379 17.5 29 15.9 12 7.5
500 to 749 miles 1,268 9.3 15 8.2 12 7.4
750 to 999 miles 1,728 12.7 8 4.5 9 5.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,990 14.7 29 15.9 49 31.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,028 22.3 14 7.8 29 18.6
2,000 miles or more 1,215 9.0 16 8.5 41 25.7

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 13,531 100.0 170 100.0 129 100.0
Less than 50 miles 957 7.1 34 19.7 1 0.4
50 to 99 miles 114 0.8 6 3.7 1 0.5
100 to 249 miles 899 6.6 S S 5 3.7
250 to 499 miles 2,379 17.6 29 17.2 12 9.1
500 to 749 miles 1,268 9.4 15 8.8 12 9.0
750 to 999 miles 1,728 12.8 8 4.9 9 7.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,963 14.5 19 11.4 31 23.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,028 22.4 14 8.4 29 22.7
2,000 miles or more 1,195 8.8 12 7.1 30 23.5

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S 3 25.3 10 35.4

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S 57 100.0
Less than 50 miles 529 34.2 S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 20 1.3 S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.